Evaluation of cell transplant-mediated attenuation of diffuse injury in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis using onVDMP CEST MRI

A. M. Thomas, S. Li, C. Chu, I. Shats, J. Xu, P. A. Calabresi, P. C.M. van Zijl, P. Walczak, J. W.M. Bulte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The development and translation of cell therapies have been hindered by an inability to predict and evaluate their efficacy after transplantation. Using an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS), we studied attenuation of the diffuse injury characteristic of EAE and MS by transplanted glial-restricted precursor cells (GRPs). We assessed the potential of on-resonance variable delay multiple pulse (onVDMP) chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) MRI to visualize this attenuation. Allogeneic GRPs transplanted in the motor cortex or lateral ventricles attenuated paralysis in EAE mice and attenuated differences compared to naïve mice in onVDMP CEST signal 5 days after transplantation near the transplantation site. Histological analysis revealed that transplanted GRPs co-localized with attenuated astrogliosis. Hence, diffuse injury-sensitive onVDMP CEST MRI may complement conventional MRI to locate and monitor tissue regions responsive to GRP therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113316
JournalExperimental Neurology
Volume329
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Bioluminescence imaging
  • Chemical exchange saturation transfer
  • Glial-restricted precursor cells
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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