Evaluation of avoralstat, an oral kallikrein inhibitor, in a Phase 3 hereditary angioedema prophylaxis trial: The OPuS-2 study

M. A. Riedl, E. Aygören-Pürsün, J. Baker, H. Farkas, J. Anderson, J. A. Bernstein, L. Bouillet, P. Busse, M. Manning, M. Magerl, M. Gompels, A. P. Huissoon, H. Longhurst, W. Lumry, B. Ritchie, R. Shapiro, D. Soteres, A. Banerji, M. Cancian, D. T. JohnstonT. J. Craig, D. Launay, H. H. Li, M. Liebhaber, T. Nickel, J. Offenberger, W. Rae, R. Schrijvers, M. Triggiani, H. J. Wedner, S. Dobo, M. Cornpropst, D. Clemons, L. Fang, P. Collis, W. P. Sheridan, M. Maurer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Effective inhibition of plasma kallikrein may have significant benefits for patients with hereditary angioedema due to deficiency of C1 inhibitor (C1-INH-HAE) by reducing the frequency of angioedema attacks. Avoralstat is a small molecule inhibitor of plasma kallikrein. This study (OPuS-2) evaluated the efficacy and safety of prophylactic avoralstat 300 or 500 mg compared with placebo. Methods: OPuS-2 was a Phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study. Subjects were administered avoralstat 300 mg, avoralstat 500 mg, or placebo orally 3 times per day for 12 weeks. The primary efficacy endpoint was the angioedema attack rate based on adjudicator-confirmed attacks. Results: A total of 110 subjects were randomized and dosed. The least squares (LS) mean attack rates per week were 0.589, 0.675, and 0.593 for subjects receiving avoralstat 500 mg, avoralstat 300 mg, and placebo, respectively. Overall, 1 subject in each of the avoralstat groups and no subjects in the placebo group were attack-free during the 84-day treatment period. The LS mean duration of all confirmed attacks was 25.4, 29.4, and 31.4 hours for the avoralstat 500 mg, avoralstat 300 mg, and placebo groups, respectively. Using the Angioedema Quality of Life Questionnaire (AE-QoL), improved QoL was observed for the avoralstat 500 mg group compared with placebo. Avoralstat was generally safe and well tolerated. Conclusions: Although this study did not demonstrate efficacy of avoralstat in preventing angioedema attacks in C1-INH-HAE, it provided evidence of shortened angioedema episodes and improved QoL in the avoralstat 500 mg treatment group compared with placebo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1871-1880
Number of pages10
JournalAllergy: European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume73
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • C1 inhibitor
  • hereditary angioedema
  • oral kallikrein inhibitor
  • prophylaxis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluation of avoralstat, an oral kallikrein inhibitor, in a Phase 3 hereditary angioedema prophylaxis trial: The OPuS-2 study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this