Evaluation of an arsenic test kit for rapid well screening in Bangladesh

Christine Marie George, Yan Zheng, Joseph H. Graziano, Shahriar Bin Rasul, Zakir Hossain, Jacob L. Mey, Alexander Van Geen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exposure to arsenic in groundwater via drinking remains unabated for millions of villagers in Bangladesh. Since a blanket testing campaign using test kits almost a decade ago, millions of new wells have been installed but not tested; thus affordable testing is needed. The performance of the Arsenic Econo-Quick (EQ) kit was evaluated by blindly testing 123 wells in Bangladesh and comparing with laboratory measurements; 65 wells were tested twice. A subset of the same 123 wells was also tested using the Hach EZ kit in the field and the Digital Arsenator in the laboratory in Bangladesh. The EQ kit correctly determined the status of 110 (89%) and 113 (92%) out of 123 wells relative to the WHO guideline (10 μg/L) and the Bangladesh standard (50 μg/L), respectively. Relative to the WHO guideline, all misclassifications were underestimates for wells containing between >10 and 27 μg/L As. Relative to the Bangladesh As standard, over- and underestimates were evenly distributed. Given its short reaction time of 10 min relative to the Hach EZ and its lower cost compared to the Arsenator, the EQ kit appears to have several advantages for well testing in Bangladesh and elsewhere.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11213-11219
Number of pages7
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Volume46
Issue number20
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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