Evaluation of a Video-Based Seminar to Raise Health Care Professionals' Awareness of Culturally Sensitive End-of-Life Care

Dulce M. Cruz-Oliver, Theodore K. Malmstrom, Michael Roegner, Gwen Yeo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Context Health care workers serve diverse communities and face challenges in delivering culturally responsive EOL care, especially when caring for Latino elders. Objective The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a newly developed telenovela, or video soap opera, on health care professionals (HCPs)' awareness of caregivers' stress and patients' cultural approaches to end-of-life (EOL) care decisions. Methods A multicenter cross-sectional study among three communities in New York, Miami, and Missouri. Participants from a convenience sample of multidisciplinary HCPs were randomly assigned to view power point presentation with either a control video or an intervention-telenovela about caregiving as part of a one-hour audiovisual seminar and completed a pre- and post-test questionnaire to evaluate reaction and learning. Results Participants (N = 142) were mostly female (80%) nurses (54%) with a mean age of 44.5 ± 12.4 years and from non-Hispanic white (41%) or Hispanics (37%) ethnicity. In both control and intervention groups, post-test responses demonstrated a high level (87%) of satisfaction with seminar and an increase in openness to discuss EOL issues with culturally diverse patients (P < 0.001). Although both groups reported post-test improvement in awareness of health literacy, cultural competency skills, cultural differences about EOL attitudes, family caregiver stress, and possible interventions, this improvement was significantly higher in the intervention group (P < 0.05) compared with the control group. Conclusion The telenovela was effective in increasing health care workers' awareness of caregivers stress and cultural approach to EOL decisions. There is need for ongoing efforts to educate HCPs on cultural sensitivity to help ethnically diverse caregivers and their patients benefit from EOL care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-554
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • Health care professional caregivers
  • culture
  • education intervention
  • end-of-life
  • hospice
  • palliative care
  • pre- and post-test
  • telenovela

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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