Evaluation of a Novel Absorbable Radiopaque Hydrogel in Patients Undergoing Image Guided Radiation Therapy for Borderline Resectable and Locally Advanced Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Avani Dholakia Rao, Eun Ji Shin, Jeffrey Meyer, Elizabeth L. Thompson, Wei Fu, Chen Hu, Elliot K. Fishman, Matthew Weiss, Christopher Wolfgang, Richard Burkhart, Jin He, Tossapol Kerdsirichairat, Joseph M. Herman, Kai Ding, Amol Narang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: We assessed the feasibility and safety of placing a radiopaque hydrogel in the pancreaticoduodenal groove via endoscopic ultrasound guidance in patients with borderline resectable/locally advanced pancreatic cancer (BR/LAPC). Methods and Materials: Hydrogel injections were done at time of fiducial placement to form blebs in the pancreaticoduodenal groove. Patients subsequently underwent simulation computed tomography (sim-CT) followed by hypofractionated stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT; 33 Gy in 5 fractions). Four to 8 weeks after SBRT, patients underwent CT re-evaluation for surgical candidacy and assessment of hydrogel location and size. Hydrogel placement was considered successful if identified in the pancreaticoduodenal groove on sim-CT scan. Stability was evaluated using equivalence testing analyses, with a null hypothesis of the presence of a ≥20% mean percentage change in volume and ≥2 mm change in the median and mean interbleb surface distance with a P value <.05 required to reject the null hypothesis and conclude equivalence. For patients undergoing pancreaticoduodenectomy, hydrogel sites were histologically examined for location and local inflammatory reactions. Results: Hydrogel placement was successful in 6 of the 6 evaluable patients. The average changes in median and mean interbleb distances were −0.43 mm and −0.35 mm, respectively, with P < .05. The average change in volume from sim-CT to post-SBRT CT was −1.0%, with P < .05. One patient experienced grade 3 nausea after fiducial/hydrogel placement, with no other adverse events to date. Conclusions: These data demonstrate feasibility and safety of injecting a hydrogel marker in the pancreaticoduodenal groove in patients with BR/LAPC and set the stage for a follow-up clinical trial to place hydrogel as a spacer between the pancreatic tumor and dose-limiting, radiosensitive duodenum.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e508-e513
JournalPractical Radiation Oncology
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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