Evaluation and management of bilateral vocal cord immobility

Allen D. Hillel, Michael Benninger, Andrew Blitzer, Roger Crumley, Paul Flint, Haskins K. Kashima, Ira Sanders, Steven Schaefer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Bilateral vocal cord immobility can be life threatening for some patients. Others, who have an open glottic chink, may have a breathy dysphonia, intermittent dyspnea, and stridor. These signs and symptoms may also be found in a number of other conditions that cause weakness or paradoxical motion of the vocal cords that mimics paralysis. These other conditions include central nervous system diseases, neuromuscular disorders, laryngospasm, and psychogenic disorders. In addition, patients with cricoarytenoid joint immobility or interarytenoid scar can also have similar symptoms at presentation. It is critical to consider the differential diagnosis of an assumed bilateral vocal cord paralysis and understand the management of paradoxical movement, weakness, joint fixation, interarytenoid scar, laryngospasm, and psychogenic disorders. The treatment for bilateral immobility should proceed only after a thorough evaluation, which might include electromyography and/or examination during general anesthesia under dense anesthetic paralysis. Reconstructive procedures are the treatments of choice, and destructive procedures should be chosen only as a last resort.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)760-765
Number of pages6
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery
Volume121
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1999

Fingerprint

Laryngismus
Vocal Cord Paralysis
Vocal Cords
Cicatrix
Joints
Dysphonia
Central Nervous System Diseases
Respiratory Sounds
Electromyography
Tongue
Paralysis
Dyspnea
General Anesthesia
Signs and Symptoms
Anesthetics
Differential Diagnosis
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Hillel, A. D., Benninger, M., Blitzer, A., Crumley, R., Flint, P., Kashima, H. K., ... Schaefer, S. (1999). Evaluation and management of bilateral vocal cord immobility. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, 121(6), 760-765. https://doi.org/10.1053/hn.1999.v121.a98733

Evaluation and management of bilateral vocal cord immobility. / Hillel, Allen D.; Benninger, Michael; Blitzer, Andrew; Crumley, Roger; Flint, Paul; Kashima, Haskins K.; Sanders, Ira; Schaefer, Steven.

In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, Vol. 121, No. 6, 1999, p. 760-765.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hillel, AD, Benninger, M, Blitzer, A, Crumley, R, Flint, P, Kashima, HK, Sanders, I & Schaefer, S 1999, 'Evaluation and management of bilateral vocal cord immobility', Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery, vol. 121, no. 6, pp. 760-765. https://doi.org/10.1053/hn.1999.v121.a98733
Hillel AD, Benninger M, Blitzer A, Crumley R, Flint P, Kashima HK et al. Evaluation and management of bilateral vocal cord immobility. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 1999;121(6):760-765. https://doi.org/10.1053/hn.1999.v121.a98733
Hillel, Allen D. ; Benninger, Michael ; Blitzer, Andrew ; Crumley, Roger ; Flint, Paul ; Kashima, Haskins K. ; Sanders, Ira ; Schaefer, Steven. / Evaluation and management of bilateral vocal cord immobility. In: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. 1999 ; Vol. 121, No. 6. pp. 760-765.
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