Evaluating the Psychological Impacts Related to COVID-19 of Vietnamese People Under the First Nationwide Partial Lockdown in Vietnam

Xuan Thi Thanh Le, Anh Kim Dang, Jayson Toweh, Quang Nhat Nguyen, Huong Thi Le, Toan Thi Thanh Do, Hanh Bich Thi Phan, Thao Thanh Nguyen, Quan Thi Pham, Nhung Kim Thi Ta, Quynh Thi Nguyen, Anh Ngoc Nguyen, Quan Van Duong, Men Thi Hoang, Hai Quang Pham, Linh Gia Vu, Bach Xuan Tran, Carl A. Latkin, Cyrus S.H. Ho, Roger C.M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This is the first time in Vietnam that people have undergone “social distancing” to minimize the spreading of infectious disease, COVID-19. These deliberate preemptive strategies may have profound impacts on the mental health of the population. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the psychological impacts of COVID-19 on Vietnamese people and associated factors. We conducted a cross-sectional study during a one-week social distancing and isolation from April 7 to 14, 2020, in Vietnam. A snowball sampling technique was carried out to recruit participants. Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) was utilized to assess the psychological impacts of the COVID-19. Of all participants, 233 (16.4%) reported low level of PTSS; 76 (5.3%) rated as moderate, and 77 (5.4%) reported extreme psychological conditions. Being female, above 44 years old, or having a higher number of children in the family were positively associated with a higher level of psychological distress. Being self-employed/unemployed/retired was associated with a higher score of intrusion and hyperarousal subscale. Individuals who have a history of touching objects with the possibility of spreading coronavirus (utensils) were related to a higher level of avoidance. There were relatively high rates of participants suffering from PTSS during the first national lockdown related to COVID-19. Comprehensive strategies for the screen of psychological problems and to support high-risk groups are critical, especially females, middle-aged adults and the elderly, affected laborers, and health care professionals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number824
JournalFrontiers in Psychiatry
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2 2020

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Vietnam
  • national partial lockdown
  • psychological impacts
  • social isolation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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