Evaluating the Effectiveness of France's Indoor Smoke-Free Law 1 Year and 5 Years after Implementation: Findings from the ITC France Survey

Geoffrey T. Fong, Lorraine V. Craig, Romain Guignard, Gera E. Nagelhout, Megan K. Tait, Pete Driezen, Ryan David Kennedy, Christian Boudreau, Jean Louis Wilquin, Antoine Deutsch, François Beck

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

France implemented a comprehensive smoke-free law in two phases: Phase 1 (February 2007) banned smoking in workplaces, shopping centres, airports, train stations, hospitals, and schools; Phase 2 (January 2008) banned smoking in hospitality venues (bars, restaurants, hotels, casinos, nightclubs). This paper evaluates France's smoke-free law based on the International Tobacco Control Policy Evaluation Project in France (the ITC France Project), which conducted a cohort survey of approximately 1,500 smokers and 500 non-smokers before the implementation of the laws (Wave 1) and two waves after the implementation (Waves 2 and 3). Results show that the smoke-free law led to a very significant and near-total elimination of observed smoking in key venues such as bars (from 94-97% to 4%) and restaurants (from 60-71% to 2-3%) at Wave 2, which was sustained four years later (6-8% in bars; 1-2% in restaurants). The reduction in self-reported smoking by smoking respondents was nearly identical to the effects shown in observed smoking. Observed smoking in workplaces declined significantly after the law (from 41-48% to 18-20%), which continued to decline at Wave 3 (to 14-15%). Support for the smoke-free laws increased significantly after their implementation and continued to increase at Wave 3 (p

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere66692
JournalPLoS One
Volume8
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 21 2013

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smoking (food products)
smoke
Smoke
France
Smoking
Restaurants
restaurants
working conditions
Workplace
Shopping centers
Airports
Tobacco
Hotels
policy analysis
airports
Surveys and Questionnaires
tobacco

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Evaluating the Effectiveness of France's Indoor Smoke-Free Law 1 Year and 5 Years after Implementation : Findings from the ITC France Survey. / Fong, Geoffrey T.; Craig, Lorraine V.; Guignard, Romain; Nagelhout, Gera E.; Tait, Megan K.; Driezen, Pete; Kennedy, Ryan David; Boudreau, Christian; Wilquin, Jean Louis; Deutsch, Antoine; Beck, François.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 8, No. 6, e66692, 21.06.2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Fong, GT, Craig, LV, Guignard, R, Nagelhout, GE, Tait, MK, Driezen, P, Kennedy, RD, Boudreau, C, Wilquin, JL, Deutsch, A & Beck, F 2013, 'Evaluating the Effectiveness of France's Indoor Smoke-Free Law 1 Year and 5 Years after Implementation: Findings from the ITC France Survey', PLoS One, vol. 8, no. 6, e66692. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0066692
Fong, Geoffrey T. ; Craig, Lorraine V. ; Guignard, Romain ; Nagelhout, Gera E. ; Tait, Megan K. ; Driezen, Pete ; Kennedy, Ryan David ; Boudreau, Christian ; Wilquin, Jean Louis ; Deutsch, Antoine ; Beck, François. / Evaluating the Effectiveness of France's Indoor Smoke-Free Law 1 Year and 5 Years after Implementation : Findings from the ITC France Survey. In: PLoS One. 2013 ; Vol. 8, No. 6.
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