Evaluating processes of care and outcomes of children in hospital (EPOCH): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

For the Canadian Critical Care Trials Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The prevention of near and actual cardiopulmonary arrest in hospitalized children is a patient safety imperative. Prevention is contingent upon the timely identification, referral and treatment of children who are deteriorating clinically. We designed and validated a documentation-based system of care to permit identification and referral as well as facilitate provision of timely treatment. We called it the Bedside Paediatric Early Warning System (BedsidePEWS). Here we describe the rationale for the design, intervention and outcomes of the study entitled Evaluating Processes and Outcomes of Children in Hospital (EPOCH). Methods/Design: EPOCH is a cluster-randomized trial of the BedsidePEWS. The unit of randomization is the participating hospital. Eligible hospitals have a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU), are anticipated to have organizational stability throughout the study, are not using a severity of illness score in hospital wards and are willing to be randomized. Patients are >37 weeks gestational age and <18 years and are hospitalized in inpatient ward areas during all or part of their hospital admission. Discussion: Following funding by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and local ethical approvals, site enrollment started in 2010 and was closed in February 2014. Patient enrollment is anticipated to be complete in July 2015. The results of EPOCH will strengthen the scientific basis for local, regional, provincial and national decision-making and for the recommendations of national and international bodies. If negative, the costs of hospital-wide implementation can be avoided. If positive, EPOCH will have provided a scientific justification for the major system-level changes required for implementation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number245
JournalTrials
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2015

Keywords

  • Cardiac arrest
  • Children
  • Early warning system
  • ICU
  • Mortality
  • Randomized controlled trial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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