Evaluating post-radiotherapy laryngeal function with laryngeal videostroboscopy in early stage glottic cancer

Ariel E. Marciscano, Vivek Charu, Heather M. Starmer, Simon R Best, Harry Quon, Alexander Tell Hillel, Lee M Akst, Ana Ponce Kiess

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Dysphonia is common among patients with early stage glottic cancer. Laryngeal videostroboscopy (LVS) has not been routinely used to assess post-radiotherapy (RT) voice changes. We hypothesized that LVS would demonstrate improvement in laryngeal function after definitive RT for early-stage glottic cancer. Study design: Blinded retrospective review of perceptual voice and stroboscopic parameters for patients with early glottic cancer and controls. Setting: High-volume, single-institution academic medical center. Subjects and methods: Fifteen patients underwent RT for Tis-T2N0M0 glottic cancer and were evaluated with serial LVS exams pre- and post-RT. Stroboscopic assessment included six parameters: vocal fold (VF) vibration, VF mobility, erythema/edema, supraglottic compression, glottic closure, and secretions. Grade, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, strain (GRBAS) voice perceptual scale was graded in tandem with LVS score. Assessments were grouped by time interval from RT: pre-RT, 0-4, 4-12, and > 12 months post-RT. Results: 60 LVS exams and corresponding GRBAS assessments were reviewed. There were significant improvements in ipsilateral VF motion (P = 0.03) and vibration (P = 0.001) and significant worsening in contralateral VF motion (P < 0.001) and vibration (P = 0.008) at > 12 months post-RT. Glottic closure significantly worsened, most prominent > 12 months post-RT (P = 0.01). Composite GRBAS scores were significantly improved across all post-RT intervals. Conclusion: LVS proved to be a robust tool for assessing pre- and post-RT laryngeal function. We observed post-RT improvement in ipsilateral VF function, a decline in contralateral VF function, and decreased glottic closure. These results demonstrate that LVS can detect meaningful changes in VF and glottic function and support its use for post-RT evaluation of glottic cancer patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume7
Issue numberJUN
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 12 2017

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Keywords

  • Dysphonia
  • Glottic cancer
  • Laryngeal videostroboscopy
  • Larynx cancer
  • Radiotherapy
  • Stroboscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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