Evaluating for health equity among a cluster of health departments implementing PrEP services

Jarvis W. Carter, Yamir Salabarría-Peña, Errol L. Fields, William T. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

African American/Black and Hispanic/Latino sexual and gender minority populations are disproportionately affected by HIV in the United States and continue to experience HIV-related disparities. CDC funded project PrIDE to support 12 health departments (HD) with implementing pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) strategies for men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender persons, with a health-equity focus established by HDs. Each HD conducted mixed-methods evaluation of at least one local strategy. CDC employed a cluster evaluation approach to maximize cross validation. As a result, this cluster evaluation focused on three HDs that evaluated health equity-focused PrEP implementation strategies. Findings suggest that integrating health equity strategies such as storytelling and healthcare worker (HCW) trainings can help reduce HIV-related disparities. Storytelling improved HCW's understanding of clients’ experiences of stigma due to racial, gender, and sexual identities. Provider training increased competencies on culturally appropriate care and the use of clinic services by Black and Hispanic MSM and transgender persons. Good practices included community engagement, seeking leadership buy-in, and integration of programmatic staff in health equity and evaluation activities. Evaluating strategies and training policies addressing social determinants of health that adversely affect HIV outcomes may help mitigate barriers Black and Hispanic MSM and transgender populations encounter in their HIV prevention seeking efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101981
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Cluster evaluation
  • Gender minorities
  • Health equity
  • HIV
  • PrEP
  • Racial/ethnic minorities
  • Sexual minorities
  • Social determinants
  • Transgender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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