Experience in evaluating AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) prevention projects leads us suggest several conceptual, measurement, and analysis recommendations: 1. follow the logic of prevention programs to translate effect sizes into a yield for AIDS risk reduction; 2. assume that secular trends toward risk reduction will reduce or disguise effect sizes; 3. measure behavior as the distal outcome in most evaluations; 4. measure all behaviors that are relevant to risk reduction; 5. measure interval level variables if possible; 6. estimate coverage and bias in coverage; and 7. measure a variety of mediating variables that may affect behavior and assist in tailoring, health education to the at-risk populations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Business and International Management
- Social Psychology
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Strategy and Management
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health