Evaluating AIDS prevention: Outcome, implementation, and mediating variables

Laura C. Leviton, Ronald O. Valdiserri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Experience in evaluating AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) prevention projects leads us suggest several conceptual, measurement, and analysis recommendations: 1. follow the logic of prevention programs to translate effect sizes into a yield for AIDS risk reduction; 2. assume that secular trends toward risk reduction will reduce or disguise effect sizes; 3. measure behavior as the distal outcome in most evaluations; 4. measure all behaviors that are relevant to risk reduction; 5. measure interval level variables if possible; 6. estimate coverage and bias in coverage; and 7. measure a variety of mediating variables that may affect behavior and assist in tailoring, health education to the at-risk populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-66
Number of pages12
JournalEvaluation and Program Planning
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Social Psychology
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Strategy and Management
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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