Ethnic/racial and socioeconomic differences in dieting behaviors and body image perceptions in adolescents

Mary Story, Simone A. French, Michael D. Resnick, Robert W. Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study examined differences in perceptions of body weight, dieting, unhealthy eating behaviors, and weight control methods among adolescent males and females of various racial/ethnic and socioeconomic (SES) subgroups. Data were derived from a comprehensive health survey administered to 36,320 students in grades 7 through 12 in Minnesota. Differences among ethnic/racial and SES groups were assessed using multivariate logistic regression controlling for grade and body mass index (BMI). Results showed that unhealthy weight control behaviors are not confined to upper SES white females. Compared to white females, Hispanic females reported greater use of diuretics; Asians reported more binge eating; and blacks reported higher rates of vomiting. Black and American Indian females were more likely to be satisfied with their body. Among males and females, higher SES was associated with greater weight satisfaction and lower rates of pathological weight control behaviors. Findings from this study suggest that future research should focus on the validity of self‐reports of dieting and weight control behaviors in different ethnic subgroups. © 1995 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)173-179
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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