Ethnic differences in correlates of suicidal behavior among women seeking help for intimate partner violence

Courtenay E. Cavanaugh, Jill T. Messing, Evelina Eyzerovich, Jacquelyn C Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Women abused by an intimate partner are at risk of engaging in nonfatal suicidal behavior and suicidal communication (NSBSC). No studies have examined ethnic differences in correlates of NSBSC among abused women. Aims: This secondary data analytic study examined whether correlates of NSBSC previously reported among a mixed ethnic sample of women seeking help for abuse by a male intimate partner differed for those who self-identified as Latina (N = 340), African American (N = 184), or European American (N = 67). Method: Logistic regression was used to examine correlates of NSBSC separately among Latina, African American, and European American women. Results: More severe violence by a male intimate partner, having a chronic or disabling illness, being younger, and being unemployed were positively associated with NSBSC in bivariate analyses among Latina women, but unemployment did not remain significantly associated with NSBSC in the multiple logistic regression. There were no significant correlates of NSBSC for African American women. Having a chronic illness was significantly associated with NSBSC among European American women. Conclusion: Findings suggest the need for culturally tailored suicide prevention interventions and studies that examine risk and protective factors for NSBSC among a diversity of women abused by male intimate partners.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)257-266
Number of pages10
JournalCrisis
Volume36
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Communication
Battered Women
Hispanic Americans
African Americans
Logistic Models
Intimate Partner Violence
Unemployment
Violence
Suicide
Chronic Disease

Keywords

  • Ethnic differences
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Suicidal behavior
  • Women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Ethnic differences in correlates of suicidal behavior among women seeking help for intimate partner violence. / Cavanaugh, Courtenay E.; Messing, Jill T.; Eyzerovich, Evelina; Campbell, Jacquelyn C.

In: Crisis, Vol. 36, No. 4, 2015, p. 257-266.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cavanaugh, Courtenay E. ; Messing, Jill T. ; Eyzerovich, Evelina ; Campbell, Jacquelyn C. / Ethnic differences in correlates of suicidal behavior among women seeking help for intimate partner violence. In: Crisis. 2015 ; Vol. 36, No. 4. pp. 257-266.
@article{d35738108f29438db0dc4e4a505dfe83,
title = "Ethnic differences in correlates of suicidal behavior among women seeking help for intimate partner violence",
abstract = "Background: Women abused by an intimate partner are at risk of engaging in nonfatal suicidal behavior and suicidal communication (NSBSC). No studies have examined ethnic differences in correlates of NSBSC among abused women. Aims: This secondary data analytic study examined whether correlates of NSBSC previously reported among a mixed ethnic sample of women seeking help for abuse by a male intimate partner differed for those who self-identified as Latina (N = 340), African American (N = 184), or European American (N = 67). Method: Logistic regression was used to examine correlates of NSBSC separately among Latina, African American, and European American women. Results: More severe violence by a male intimate partner, having a chronic or disabling illness, being younger, and being unemployed were positively associated with NSBSC in bivariate analyses among Latina women, but unemployment did not remain significantly associated with NSBSC in the multiple logistic regression. There were no significant correlates of NSBSC for African American women. Having a chronic illness was significantly associated with NSBSC among European American women. Conclusion: Findings suggest the need for culturally tailored suicide prevention interventions and studies that examine risk and protective factors for NSBSC among a diversity of women abused by male intimate partners.",
keywords = "Ethnic differences, Intimate partner violence, Suicidal behavior, Women",
author = "Cavanaugh, {Courtenay E.} and Messing, {Jill T.} and Evelina Eyzerovich and Campbell, {Jacquelyn C}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1027/0227-5910/a000321",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "257--266",
journal = "Crisis",
issn = "0227-5910",
publisher = "Hogrefe Publishing",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ethnic differences in correlates of suicidal behavior among women seeking help for intimate partner violence

AU - Cavanaugh, Courtenay E.

AU - Messing, Jill T.

AU - Eyzerovich, Evelina

AU - Campbell, Jacquelyn C

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Background: Women abused by an intimate partner are at risk of engaging in nonfatal suicidal behavior and suicidal communication (NSBSC). No studies have examined ethnic differences in correlates of NSBSC among abused women. Aims: This secondary data analytic study examined whether correlates of NSBSC previously reported among a mixed ethnic sample of women seeking help for abuse by a male intimate partner differed for those who self-identified as Latina (N = 340), African American (N = 184), or European American (N = 67). Method: Logistic regression was used to examine correlates of NSBSC separately among Latina, African American, and European American women. Results: More severe violence by a male intimate partner, having a chronic or disabling illness, being younger, and being unemployed were positively associated with NSBSC in bivariate analyses among Latina women, but unemployment did not remain significantly associated with NSBSC in the multiple logistic regression. There were no significant correlates of NSBSC for African American women. Having a chronic illness was significantly associated with NSBSC among European American women. Conclusion: Findings suggest the need for culturally tailored suicide prevention interventions and studies that examine risk and protective factors for NSBSC among a diversity of women abused by male intimate partners.

AB - Background: Women abused by an intimate partner are at risk of engaging in nonfatal suicidal behavior and suicidal communication (NSBSC). No studies have examined ethnic differences in correlates of NSBSC among abused women. Aims: This secondary data analytic study examined whether correlates of NSBSC previously reported among a mixed ethnic sample of women seeking help for abuse by a male intimate partner differed for those who self-identified as Latina (N = 340), African American (N = 184), or European American (N = 67). Method: Logistic regression was used to examine correlates of NSBSC separately among Latina, African American, and European American women. Results: More severe violence by a male intimate partner, having a chronic or disabling illness, being younger, and being unemployed were positively associated with NSBSC in bivariate analyses among Latina women, but unemployment did not remain significantly associated with NSBSC in the multiple logistic regression. There were no significant correlates of NSBSC for African American women. Having a chronic illness was significantly associated with NSBSC among European American women. Conclusion: Findings suggest the need for culturally tailored suicide prevention interventions and studies that examine risk and protective factors for NSBSC among a diversity of women abused by male intimate partners.

KW - Ethnic differences

KW - Intimate partner violence

KW - Suicidal behavior

KW - Women

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84945922860&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84945922860&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1027/0227-5910/a000321

DO - 10.1027/0227-5910/a000321

M3 - Article

C2 - 26440622

AN - SCOPUS:84945922860

VL - 36

SP - 257

EP - 266

JO - Crisis

JF - Crisis

SN - 0227-5910

IS - 4

ER -