Estimating the effectiveness and efficiency of US HIV prevention efforts using scenario and cost-effectiveness analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Scenario and cost-effectiveness analyses were used to estimate the effectiveness and efficiency of HIV prevention activities in the USA (1978-2000). Under four conservative scenarios on the course of the HIV epidemic that might have occurred had there been no prevention efforts, we estimate that prevention activities averted 204 000-1 585 000 infections at a cost of between US$49 700 and US$6400 per infection prevented (less than the medical costs of treating a case of HIV disease).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2347-2349
Number of pages3
Issue number17
StatePublished - Nov 22 2002
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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