Estimating Sex Using Metric Analysis of the Scapula by Postmortem Computed Tomography

Zabiullah Ali, Christopher Cox, Michala K. Stock, Eddy E. Zandee vanRilland, Ana Rubio, David R. Fowler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Postmortem computed tomography (CT) has been extensively used in the last decade for identification purposes and in various anthropologic studies. Postmortem CT measurements of scapulae, analyzed using logistic discriminant function developed in this study, showed 94.5% accuracy in estimating sex. Data analyzed using the Dabbs and Moore-Jansen (2010) discriminant function and the discriminant function generated in this study provided nearly identical results with disagreement in only one case. Height and weight were not statically significant in sex prediction. The results of this study show that data obtained from volume rendered postmortem CT images can be considered reliable and treated as a practical option to standard anthropological methods, especially in mass fatalities as a rapid triage tool for sex determination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Forensic Sciences
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018


  • Forensic anthropology
  • Forensic pathology
  • Forensic science
  • Postmortem computed tomography
  • Scapula
  • Sex estimation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Genetics


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