Estimating costs associated with a community outbreak of meningococcal disease in a Colombian Caribbean city

Hernando Pinzón-Redondo, Wilfrido Coronell-Rodriguez, Inés Díaz-Martinez, Ángel Guzmán-Corena, Dagna Constenla, Nelson Alvis-Guzmán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Meningococcal disease is a serious and potentially life-threatening infection that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis), and it can cause meningitis, meningococcaemia outbreaks and epidemics. The disease is fatal in 9-12% of cases and with a death rate of up to 40% among patients with meningococcaemia. The objective of this study was to estimate the costs of a meningococcal outbreak that occurred in a Caribbean city of Colombia. We contacted experts involved in the outbreak and asked them specific questions about the diagnosis and treatment for meningococcal cases during the outbreak. Estimates of costs of the outbreak were also based on extensive review of medical records available during the outbreak. The costs associated with the outbreak were divided into the cost of the disease response phase and the cost of the disease surveillance phase. The costs associated with the outbreak control and surveillance were expressed in US$ (2011) as cost per 1,000 inhabitants. The average age of patients was 4.6 years (SD 3.5); 50% of the cases died; 50% of the cases were reported to have meningitis (3/6); 33% were diagnosed with meningococcaemia and myocarditis (2/6); 50% of the cases had bacteraemia (3/6); 66% of the cases had a culture specimen positive for Neisseria meningitidis; 5 of the 6 cases had RT-PCR positive for N. meningitidis. All N. meningitidis were serogroup B; 50 doses of ceftriaxone were administered as prophylaxis. Vaccine was not available at the time. The costs associated with control of the outbreak were estimated at US$ 0.8 per 1,000 inhabitants, disease surveillance at US$ 4.1 per 1,000 inhabitants, and healthcare costs at US$ 5.1 per 1,000 inhabitants. The costs associated with meningococcal outbreaks are substantial, and the outbreaks should be prevented. The mass chemoprophylaxis implemented helped control the outbreak.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)539-548
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Health, Population and Nutrition
Volume32
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

Keywords

  • Chemoprophylaxis
  • Cost
  • Invasive meningococcal disease
  • Outbreak

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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  • Cite this

    Pinzón-Redondo, H., Coronell-Rodriguez, W., Díaz-Martinez, I., Guzmán-Corena, Á., Constenla, D., & Alvis-Guzmán, N. (2014). Estimating costs associated with a community outbreak of meningococcal disease in a Colombian Caribbean city. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition, 32(3), 539-548.