Estimating basis line-integrals in spectral distortion-modeled photon counting CT: K-edge imaging using dictionary learning-based x-ray transmittance modeling

Okkyun Lee, Steffen Kappler, Christoph Polster, Katsuyuki Taguchi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Photon counting detector (PCD) provides spectral information for estimating basis line-integrals; however, the recorded spectrum is distorted from spectral response effect (SRE). One of the conventional approaches to compensate for the SRE is to incorporate the SRE model in the forward imaging process. For this purpose, we recently developed a three-step algorithm as a (∼×1, 500) fast alternative to maximum likelihood (ML) estimator based on the modeling of x-ray transmittance, exp (' ∫ μa(r, E)dr), with low-order polynomials. However, it is limited on the case when K-edge is absent due to the smoothness property of the low-order polynomials. In this paper, we propose a dictionary learning-based x-ray transmittance modeling to address this limitation. More specifically, we design a dictionary which consists of several energy-dependent bases to model an unknown x-ray transmittance by training the dictionary based on various known x-ray transmittance as a training data. We show that the number of bases in the dictionary can be as large as the number of energy bins and that the modeling error is relatively small considering a practical number of energy bins. Once the dictionary is trained, the three-step algorithm can be derived as follows: estimating the unknown coefficients of the dictionary, estimating basis line-integrals, and then correcting for a bias. We validate the proposed method with various simulation studies for K-edge imaging with gadolinium contrast agent, and show that both bias and computational time are substantially reduced compared to those of the ML estimator.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2017
Subtitle of host publicationPhysics of Medical Imaging
PublisherSPIE
Volume10132
ISBN (Electronic)9781510607095
DOIs
StatePublished - 2017
EventMedical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging - Orlando, United States
Duration: Feb 13 2017Feb 16 2017

Other

OtherMedical Imaging 2017: Physics of Medical Imaging
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period2/13/172/16/17

Keywords

  • Dictionary learning
  • K-edge imaging
  • Maximum likelihood
  • Photon counting
  • Spectral distortion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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