Establishing Independence in Low-Income Urban Areas: The Relationship to Adolescent Aggressive Behavior

Kathleen M. Roche, Margaret Ensminger, Howard Chilcoat, Carla Storr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although adolescents in poor urban areas often assume independent, adult-like roles, relatively little is known about the relationship between these roles and other adolescent behaviors. This research examines the association between independent roles occurring within different contexts (e.g. family, peer, work) and aggressive behavior among 516 low-income, urban middle school students. Overall, adolescent employment is related to increases in aggressive behavior. However, associations that familial and peer independent roles have with aggression differ by the extent of youth involvement in paid work. Greater engagement in familial independent roles is associated with decreased aggression among employed adolescents, but with increased aggression among unemployed youth. Also, peer independent roles are related to significantly greater increases in aggression among unemployed, compared with employed, adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)668-680
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Marriage and Family
Volume65
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2003
Externally publishedYes

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aggressive behavior
urban area
low income
aggression
adolescent
Urban Areas
Income
Aggression
Peers
student
Familial

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Aggression
  • Independent roles
  • Social contexts
  • Urban youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Establishing Independence in Low-Income Urban Areas : The Relationship to Adolescent Aggressive Behavior. / Roche, Kathleen M.; Ensminger, Margaret; Chilcoat, Howard; Storr, Carla.

In: Journal of Marriage and Family, Vol. 65, No. 3, 08.2003, p. 668-680.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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