Erythropoietin mediates the rapid phosphorylation of Raf-1 in the murine cell lines HCD-57 and FDC-P1/ER, which proliferate in response to this cytokine. Phosphorylation occurs at both serine and tyrosine residues and as such is similar to the Raf-1 phosphorylation seen after interleukin-3 (IL-3), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, and interleukin-2 stimulation in other murine cell lines. Such data suggest that these growth factors may share a common mechanism(s) of Raf-1 phosphorylation. Furthermore, in association with Raf-1 phosphorylation, erythropoietin induces a 2-3-fold increase in Raf-1 kinase activity as measured in immune complex kinase assays in vitro. Finally, a c-raf antisense oligodeoxyribonucleotide, which specifically decreases intracellular Raf-1 levels, also substantially inhibits both erythropoietin and IL-3-directed DNA synthesis. Together, these results provide evidence that activated Raf-1 is a necessary component of erythropoietin and IL-3 growth signaling pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology