Erythrocyte characteristics in childhood acute leukemia

Blanche P. Alter, Michael A. Weiner, Michael B. Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Children with acute leukemia often have erythrocytes with “fetal-like” features. To examine the relationship of the type and phase of the leukemia to this observation, we studied 39 children with newly diagnosed acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) and 5 with acute nonlympho- cytic leukemia (ANLL). In addition, 22 patients were evaluated during chemotherapy, 3 off therapy, and 12 at the time of relapse. Macrocytosis and/or anisocytosis was noted in 70% of patients with ALL at the time of first diagnosis, 80% of patients with new ANLL, and >90% of patients with ALL while on treatment. F cells were increased in 25% of ALL and 80% of ANLL at diagnosis and in 60% of ALL during chemotherapy. Hb F levels were elevated in 8, 40, and 30% of these groups, respectively. Nonleukemic controls for chemotherapy (six patients with osteogenic sarcoma) all had macrocytosis and/or anisocytosis, and 80% had increased F cell proportions. Features at relapse on chemotherapy were similar to those during treated remissions. Abnormal RBCs are more frequent at the time of diagnosis in ANLL, in which they may belong to the malignant clone, than in ALL, in which stress erythropoiesis and/or leukemic factors may be contributory. During chemotherapy, drug- related erythrocyte changes are added to those of leukemia itself. Thus, leukemia, chemotherapy, and the combination lead to erythrocytes with fetal-like features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-15
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology
Volume11
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Anisocytosis
  • Erythrocytes
  • Fetal
  • Hemoglobin F
  • Leukemia
  • RBC size

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Alter, B. P., Weiner, M. A., & Harris, M. B. (1989). Erythrocyte characteristics in childhood acute leukemia. Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology, 11(1), 8-15.