ERICA: Prevalence of metabolic syndrome in Brazilian adolescents

Maria Cristina C. Kuschnir, Katia Vergetti Bloch, Moyses Szklo, Carlos Henrique Klein, Laura Augusta Barufaldi, Gabriela De Azevedo Abreu, Beatriz Schaan, Gloria Valeria Da Veiga, Thiago Luiz Nogueira Da Silva, Maurício T.L. De Vasconcellos, Ana Júlia Pantoja De Moraes, Ana Luíza Borges, Ana Mayra Andrade De Oliveira, Bruno Mendes Tavares, Cecília Lacroix De Oliveira, Cristiane De Freitas Cunha, Denise Tavares Giannini, Dilson Rodrigues Belfort, Eduardo Lima Santos, Elisa Brosina De LeonElizabeth Fujimori, Elizabete Regina Araújo Oliveira, Erika Da Silva Magliano, Francisco de Assis Guedes Vasconcelos, George Dantas Azevedo, Gisela Soares Brunken, Isabel Cristina Britto Guimarães, José Rocha Faria Neto, Juliana Souza Oliveira, Kenia Mara B. De Carvalho, Luis Gonzaga De Oliveira Gonçalves, Maria Iněs Monteiro, Marize M. Santos, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Paulo César B.Veiga Jardim, Pedro Antǒnio Muniz Ferreira, Renan Magalhães Montenegro, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel, Rodrigo Pinheiro Vianna, Sandra Mary Vasconcelos, Stella Maris Seixas Martins, Tamara Beres Lederer Goldberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its components in Brazilian adolescents. METHODS: We evaluated 37,504 adolescents who were participants in the Study of Cardiovascular Risks in Adolescents (ERICA), a cross-sectional, school-based, national study. The adolescents, aged from 12 to 17 years, lived in cities with populations greater than 100,000 inhabitants. The sample was stratified and clustered into schools and classes. The criteria set out by the International Diabetes Federation were used to define metabolic syndrome. Prevalences of metabolic syndrome were estimated according to sex, age group, school type and nutritional status. RESULTS: Of the 37,504 adolescents who were evaluated: 50.2% were female; 54.3% were aged from 15 to 17 years, and 73.3% were from public schools. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 2.6% (95%CI 2.3-2.9), slightly higher in males and in those aged from 15 to 17 years in most macro-regions. The prevalence was the highest in residents from the South macro-region, in the younger female adolescents and in the older male adolescents. The prevalence was higher in public schools (2.8% [95%CI 2.4-3.2]), when compared with private schools (1.9% [95%CI 1.4-2.4]) and higher in obese adolescents when compared with nonobese ones. The most common combinations of components, referring to 3/4 of combinations, were: enlarged waist circumference (WC), low HDL-cholesterol (HDL-c) and high blood pressure; followed by enlarged WC, low HDL-c and high triglycerides; and enlarged WC, low HDL-c, high triglycerides and blood pressure. Low HDL was the second most frequent component, but the highest prevalence of metabolic syndrome (26.8%) was observed in the presence of high triglycerides. CONCLUSIONS: ERICA is the first Brazilian nation-wide study to present the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and describe the role of its components. Despite the prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome being low, the high prevalences of some components and participation of others in the syndrome composition shows the importance of early diagnosis of this changes, even if not grouped within the metabolic syndrome. DESCRIPTORS: Adolescent. Metabolic Syndrome, epidemiology. Risk Factors. Cardiovascular Diseases. Cross-Sectional Studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1s-13s
JournalRevista de saude publica
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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