Eradicating primary congenital glaucoma from Saudi Arabia: The case for a national screening program

Rizwan Malik, Rajiv Khandekar, Trishal Boodhna, Zuhair Rahbeeni, Abdul Elah Al Towerki, Deepak P. Edward, Khaled Abu-Amero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The prevalence of primary congenital glaucoma (PCG) in Saudi Arabia is high and the condition is a cause of childhood blindness in the country. Children often present with severe disease, requiring multiple procedures and a lifetime of medical care. The social and economic burden of the condition is substantial. Presently, the mainstay of management is early diagnosis and treatment of PCG. Premarital screening, especially in recessive diseases, such as PCG can be immensely useful by detecting the presence of a defect in the causative gene, followed by genetic counseling to potential couples that will lead to eradication of the disease in future generations. The introduction of a national screening program similar to the one already functioning for thalassemia, could potentially eliminate childhood blindness from PCG in Saudi Arabia and is likely to prove cost-effective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSaudi Journal of Ophthalmology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Childhood blindness
  • Disease prevention
  • Genetic screening
  • Primary congenital glaucoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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