Epsin N-terminal homology domains perform an essential function regulating Cdc42 through binding Cdc42 GTPase-activating proteins

Rubén C. Aguilar, Silvia A. Longhi, Jonathan D. Shaw, Lan Yu Yeh, Sean Kim, Arne Schön, Ernesto Freire, Ariel Hsu, William K. McCormick, Hadiya A. Watson, Beverly Wendland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Epsins are endocytic proteins with a structured epsin N-terminal homology (ENTH) domain that binds phosphoinositides and a poorly structured C-terminal region that interacts with ubiquitin and endocytic machinery, including clathrin and endocytic scaffolding proteins. Yeast has two redundant genes encoding epsins, ENT1 and ENT2; deleting both genes is lethal. We demonstrate that the ENTH domain is both necessary and sufficient for viability of ent1Δent2Δ cells. Mutational analysis of the ENTH domain revealed a surface patch that is essential for viability and that binds guanine nucleotide triphosphatase-activating proteins for Cdc42, a critical regulator of cell polarity in all eukaryotes. Furthermore, the epsins contribute to regulation of specific Cdc42 signaling pathways in yeast cells. These data support a model in which the epsins function as spatial and temporal coordinators of endocytosis and cell polarity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4116-4121
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume103
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 14 2006

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Keywords

  • Actin
  • Endocytosis
  • Polarity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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