EPR spectroscopy and imaging of oxygen: Applications to the gastrointestinal tract

Jay L. Zweier, Guanglong He, Alexandre Samouilov, Periannan Kuppusamy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


EPR imaging has emerged as an important tool for noninvasive three-dimensional (3D) spatial mapping of free radicals in biological tissues. Spectral-spatial EPR imaging enables mapping of the spectral information at each spatial position, and, from the observed linewidth, the localized tissue oxygenation can be mapped. We report the application of EPR imaging techniques enabling 3D spatial and spectral-spatial EPR imaging of small animals. This instrumentation, along with the use of a biocompatible charcoal oximetry-probe suspension, enabled 3D spatial imaging of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, along with mapping of oxygenation in living mice. By using this technique, the oxygen tension was mapped at different levels of the GI tract from the stomach to the rectum. The results clearly show the presence of a marked oxygen gradient from the proximal to the distal GI tract, which decreases after respiratory arrest. This technique for in vivo mapping of oxygenation is a promising method, enabling the noninvasive imaging of oxygen within the normal GI tract. This method should be useful in determining the alterations in oxygenation associated with disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalAdvances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
StatePublished - 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Activated charcoal
  • EPRI
  • Free radical
  • Oximetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)


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