Epigenomics and ovarian carcinoma

Leonel Maldonado, Mohammad Obaidul Hoque

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among gynecological cancers. It is now recognized that in addition to genetic alterations, epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, histone modifications and nucleosome remodeling, play an important role in the development and progression of ovarian cancer by modulating chromatin structure, and gene and miRNA expression. Furthermore, epigenetic alterations have been recognized as useful tools for the development of novel biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis, therapeutic prediction and monitoring of diseases. Moreover, new epigenetic therapies, such as DNA methyltransferase inhibitors and histone deacetylase inhibitors, have been found to be a potential therapeutic option, especially when used in combination with other agents. Here we discuss current developments in ovarian carcinoma epigenome research, the importance of the ovarian carcinoma epigenome for development of diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers, and the current epigenetic therapies used in ovarian cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)543-570
Number of pages28
JournalBiomarkers in Medicine
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2010

Keywords

  • DNA methylation
  • DNA methyltransferase
  • epigenetics
  • histone deacetylase
  • histone modification
  • ovarian cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Epigenomics and ovarian carcinoma'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this