Epidemiology of stimulant misuse and abuse: Implications for future epidemiologic and neuropharmacologic research

Karen K. Gerlach, Nabarun Dasgupta, Sidney H. Schnoll, Jack E. Henningfield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stimulants are a diverse array of drugs that range from everyday caffeine to prescription medications and illicitly manufactured street drugs. The surveillance of misuse and abuse of stimulants many times confounds prescription and illicit street drugs such that the data are not specific enough to guide mitigation efforts or assess their impact. This review highlights the surveillance efforts that are conducted in the United States (US) for stimulant misuse and abuse. These surveillance efforts include national level surveys as well as reporting systems such as Poison Centers and emergency departments. This epidemiologic analysis has implications for interpreting the current known neuropharmacology of stimulants and possibly informing future neuropharmacology research that may contribute to a better understanding of potential neuropharmacologic factors influencing differing patterns of use, abuse, and adverse consequences associated with various stimulants. This article is part of the Special Issue entitled 'CNS Stimulants'.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)91-96
Number of pages6
JournalNeuropharmacology
Volume87
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Abuse
  • Illicit stimulants
  • Misuse
  • Stimulant surveillance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience
  • Pharmacology
  • Medicine(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Epidemiology of stimulant misuse and abuse: Implications for future epidemiologic and neuropharmacologic research'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this