Epidemiology of Injury-Related Emergency Department Visits in the US Among Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Luther G. Kalb, Roma A. Vasa, Elizabeth D. Ballard, Steven Woods, Mitchell Goldstein, Holly C. Wilcox

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Several reports suggest children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely to be seen for injury-related ED visits; however, no nationally representative study has examined this question. Using data from the 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, over a quarter of all visits among those with ASD were related to injury. In the multivariate analyses, the odds of an injury-related visit was 54 % greater among those with ASD compared to youth with intellectual disability (ID), but 48 % less compared to youth without ID or ASD. Compared to all other pediatric injury-visits in the US, visits among children with ASD were more likely to be due to self-inflicted injury and poisoning and were more likely to result in hospitalization (all p <0.001).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - May 30 2016

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Pervasive Child Development Disorders
Hospital Emergency Service
Epidemiology
Wounds and Injuries
Intellectual Disability
Poisoning
Hospitalization
Multivariate Analysis
Pediatrics

Keywords

  • Autistic disorder
  • Emergency medicine
  • Epidemiology
  • Injury
  • Intellectual disability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

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abstract = "Several reports suggest children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are more likely to be seen for injury-related ED visits; however, no nationally representative study has examined this question. Using data from the 2008 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample, over a quarter of all visits among those with ASD were related to injury. In the multivariate analyses, the odds of an injury-related visit was 54 % greater among those with ASD compared to youth with intellectual disability (ID), but 48 % less compared to youth without ID or ASD. Compared to all other pediatric injury-visits in the US, visits among children with ASD were more likely to be due to self-inflicted injury and poisoning and were more likely to result in hospitalization (all p <0.001).",
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AU - Vasa,Roma A.

AU - Ballard,Elizabeth D.

AU - Woods,Steven

AU - Goldstein,Mitchell

AU - Wilcox,Holly C.

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