Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City: a population-based incidence study

Marc Martí-Pastor, Patricia García De Olalla, Maria Jesús Barberá, Christian Manzardo, Inma Ocaña, Hernando Knobel, Mercè Gurguí, Victoria Humet, Martí Vall, Esteban Ribera, Judit Villar, Gemma Martín, Maria A. Sambeat, Andres Marco, Alvaro Vives, Mercè Alsina, Josep M. Miró, Joan A. Caylà

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the evolution of HIV infection, gonorrhea, syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and their epidemiological characteristics in Barcelona city. Methods: Population-based incidence study of all newly occurring diagnoses of HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea and LGV detected in Barcelona between January 2007 and December 2011. A descriptive analysis was performed. The annual incidence rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated by sex, sexual conduct and educational level. To estimate global sex-specific rates we used the Barcelona city census; for the calculation of rates by sexual conduct and educational level we used estimates of the Barcelona Health Interview Survey. Trends were analysed using the chi-squared test for linear trend. Results: HIV. 66.8 % of the HIV cases were men who had sex with men (MSM). The incidence rates in MSM over the study period were from 692.67/100,000 to 909.88/100,000 inh. Syphilis. 74.2 % of the syphilis cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 224.9/100,000 to 891.97/100,000 inh. and the MSM with a university education ranged from 196.3/100,000 to 1020.8/100,000. Gonorrhea. 45.5 % of the gonorrhea cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 164.24/100,000 to 404.79/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 176.7/100,000 to 530.1/100,000 inh. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). 95.3 % of the LGV cases are MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 24.99/100,000 to 282.99/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 9.3/100,000 to 265/100,000 inh. Conclusion: An increase in cases of STI was observed. These STI mainly affected MSM with a university education. Continuing to monitor changes in the epidemiology of STI, and identifying the most affected groups should permit redesigning preventive programs, with the goal of finding the most efficient way to reach these population groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2344
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 5 2015
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Lymphogranuloma Venereum
Gonorrhea
Syphilis
HIV Infections
Epidemiology
Cohort Studies
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Incidence
Education
Population
Preventive Health Services
HIV
Censuses
Health Surveys
Population Groups
Interviews

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Gonorrhea
  • HIV
  • Incidence
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum
  • Sexual behavior
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Syphilis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Martí-Pastor, M., García De Olalla, P., Barberá, M. J., Manzardo, C., Ocaña, I., Knobel, H., ... Caylà, J. A. (2015). Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City: a population-based incidence study. BMC Public Health, 15(1), [2344]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2344-7

Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City : a population-based incidence study. / Martí-Pastor, Marc; García De Olalla, Patricia; Barberá, Maria Jesús; Manzardo, Christian; Ocaña, Inma; Knobel, Hernando; Gurguí, Mercè; Humet, Victoria; Vall, Martí; Ribera, Esteban; Villar, Judit; Martín, Gemma; Sambeat, Maria A.; Marco, Andres; Vives, Alvaro; Alsina, Mercè; Miró, Josep M.; Caylà, Joan A.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 15, No. 1, 2344, 05.10.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Martí-Pastor, M, García De Olalla, P, Barberá, MJ, Manzardo, C, Ocaña, I, Knobel, H, Gurguí, M, Humet, V, Vall, M, Ribera, E, Villar, J, Martín, G, Sambeat, MA, Marco, A, Vives, A, Alsina, M, Miró, JM & Caylà, JA 2015, 'Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City: a population-based incidence study', BMC Public Health, vol. 15, no. 1, 2344. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-015-2344-7
Martí-Pastor, Marc ; García De Olalla, Patricia ; Barberá, Maria Jesús ; Manzardo, Christian ; Ocaña, Inma ; Knobel, Hernando ; Gurguí, Mercè ; Humet, Victoria ; Vall, Martí ; Ribera, Esteban ; Villar, Judit ; Martín, Gemma ; Sambeat, Maria A. ; Marco, Andres ; Vives, Alvaro ; Alsina, Mercè ; Miró, Josep M. ; Caylà, Joan A. / Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City : a population-based incidence study. In: BMC Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 15, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: The aim of this study was to determine the evolution of HIV infection, gonorrhea, syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and their epidemiological characteristics in Barcelona city. Methods: Population-based incidence study of all newly occurring diagnoses of HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea and LGV detected in Barcelona between January 2007 and December 2011. A descriptive analysis was performed. The annual incidence rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated by sex, sexual conduct and educational level. To estimate global sex-specific rates we used the Barcelona city census; for the calculation of rates by sexual conduct and educational level we used estimates of the Barcelona Health Interview Survey. Trends were analysed using the chi-squared test for linear trend. Results: HIV. 66.8 {\%} of the HIV cases were men who had sex with men (MSM). The incidence rates in MSM over the study period were from 692.67/100,000 to 909.88/100,000 inh. Syphilis. 74.2 {\%} of the syphilis cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 224.9/100,000 to 891.97/100,000 inh. and the MSM with a university education ranged from 196.3/100,000 to 1020.8/100,000. Gonorrhea. 45.5 {\%} of the gonorrhea cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 164.24/100,000 to 404.79/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 176.7/100,000 to 530.1/100,000 inh. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). 95.3 {\%} of the LGV cases are MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 24.99/100,000 to 282.99/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 9.3/100,000 to 265/100,000 inh. Conclusion: An increase in cases of STI was observed. These STI mainly affected MSM with a university education. Continuing to monitor changes in the epidemiology of STI, and identifying the most affected groups should permit redesigning preventive programs, with the goal of finding the most efficient way to reach these population groups.",
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T1 - Epidemiology of infections by HIV, Syphilis, Gonorrhea and Lymphogranuloma Venereum in Barcelona City

T2 - a population-based incidence study

AU - Martí-Pastor, Marc

AU - García De Olalla, Patricia

AU - Barberá, Maria Jesús

AU - Manzardo, Christian

AU - Ocaña, Inma

AU - Knobel, Hernando

AU - Gurguí, Mercè

AU - Humet, Victoria

AU - Vall, Martí

AU - Ribera, Esteban

AU - Villar, Judit

AU - Martín, Gemma

AU - Sambeat, Maria A.

AU - Marco, Andres

AU - Vives, Alvaro

AU - Alsina, Mercè

AU - Miró, Josep M.

AU - Caylà, Joan A.

PY - 2015/10/5

Y1 - 2015/10/5

N2 - Background: The aim of this study was to determine the evolution of HIV infection, gonorrhea, syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and their epidemiological characteristics in Barcelona city. Methods: Population-based incidence study of all newly occurring diagnoses of HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea and LGV detected in Barcelona between January 2007 and December 2011. A descriptive analysis was performed. The annual incidence rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated by sex, sexual conduct and educational level. To estimate global sex-specific rates we used the Barcelona city census; for the calculation of rates by sexual conduct and educational level we used estimates of the Barcelona Health Interview Survey. Trends were analysed using the chi-squared test for linear trend. Results: HIV. 66.8 % of the HIV cases were men who had sex with men (MSM). The incidence rates in MSM over the study period were from 692.67/100,000 to 909.88/100,000 inh. Syphilis. 74.2 % of the syphilis cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 224.9/100,000 to 891.97/100,000 inh. and the MSM with a university education ranged from 196.3/100,000 to 1020.8/100,000. Gonorrhea. 45.5 % of the gonorrhea cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 164.24/100,000 to 404.79/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 176.7/100,000 to 530.1/100,000 inh. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). 95.3 % of the LGV cases are MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 24.99/100,000 to 282.99/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 9.3/100,000 to 265/100,000 inh. Conclusion: An increase in cases of STI was observed. These STI mainly affected MSM with a university education. Continuing to monitor changes in the epidemiology of STI, and identifying the most affected groups should permit redesigning preventive programs, with the goal of finding the most efficient way to reach these population groups.

AB - Background: The aim of this study was to determine the evolution of HIV infection, gonorrhea, syphilis and lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and their epidemiological characteristics in Barcelona city. Methods: Population-based incidence study of all newly occurring diagnoses of HIV infection, syphilis, gonorrhea and LGV detected in Barcelona between January 2007 and December 2011. A descriptive analysis was performed. The annual incidence rates per 100,000 inhabitants were calculated by sex, sexual conduct and educational level. To estimate global sex-specific rates we used the Barcelona city census; for the calculation of rates by sexual conduct and educational level we used estimates of the Barcelona Health Interview Survey. Trends were analysed using the chi-squared test for linear trend. Results: HIV. 66.8 % of the HIV cases were men who had sex with men (MSM). The incidence rates in MSM over the study period were from 692.67/100,000 to 909.88/100,000 inh. Syphilis. 74.2 % of the syphilis cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 224.9/100,000 to 891.97/100,000 inh. and the MSM with a university education ranged from 196.3/100,000 to 1020.8/100,000. Gonorrhea. 45.5 % of the gonorrhea cases were MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 164.24/100,000 to 404.79/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 176.7/100,000 to 530.1/100,000 inh. Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV). 95.3 % of the LGV cases are MSM. The incidence rates in MSM were from 24.99/100,000 to 282.99/100,000 inh. and the MSM with university education ranged from 9.3/100,000 to 265/100,000 inh. Conclusion: An increase in cases of STI was observed. These STI mainly affected MSM with a university education. Continuing to monitor changes in the epidemiology of STI, and identifying the most affected groups should permit redesigning preventive programs, with the goal of finding the most efficient way to reach these population groups.

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Gonorrhea

KW - HIV

KW - Incidence

KW - Lymphogranuloma venereum

KW - Sexual behavior

KW - Sexually transmitted diseases

KW - Syphilis

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