Epidemiology of HIV infections: international and U.S. perspectives.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The epidemiology of HIV infections is presented as it appears in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe, and the United States. Analysis reveals that the HIV pandemic continues to escalate throughout developing countries compared to a notable stabilization in new cases and fatalities in some developed countries. It is predicted that by the year 2000 there will be a cumulative total of over 60 million adults with HIV, with over 92 percent of the cases in developing countries. Slowing the HIV pandemic and decreasing the mortality rate are being accomplished by efforts such as progressive treatment of STDs, increased use of condom distribution, and utilization of needle exchange programs. In order to further decrease HIV transmission, there are increased efforts to strengthen public health infrastructures, to support HIV/STD prevention programs, to introduce microbicides, to use inexpensive antiretroviral drug therapy for treatment and prevention of transmission, and to improve educational campaigns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11-12
Number of pages2
JournalThe Hopkins HIV report : a bimonthly newsletter for healthcare providers / Johns Hopkins University AIDS Service
Volume10
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes

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Internationality
HIV Infections
Epidemiology
HIV
Pandemics
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Developing Countries
Needle-Exchange Programs
Condoms
Anti-Infective Agents
Developed Countries
Public Health
Drug Therapy
Mortality
Therapeutics

Cite this

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abstract = "The epidemiology of HIV infections is presented as it appears in Africa, Asia, the Americas, Europe, and the United States. Analysis reveals that the HIV pandemic continues to escalate throughout developing countries compared to a notable stabilization in new cases and fatalities in some developed countries. It is predicted that by the year 2000 there will be a cumulative total of over 60 million adults with HIV, with over 92 percent of the cases in developing countries. Slowing the HIV pandemic and decreasing the mortality rate are being accomplished by efforts such as progressive treatment of STDs, increased use of condom distribution, and utilization of needle exchange programs. In order to further decrease HIV transmission, there are increased efforts to strengthen public health infrastructures, to support HIV/STD prevention programs, to introduce microbicides, to use inexpensive antiretroviral drug therapy for treatment and prevention of transmission, and to improve educational campaigns.",
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