Epidemiology of henipaviruses

Stephen Luby, Emily Gurley

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

The natural reservoir of Hendra and Nipah virus are fruit bats of the genus Pteropus. In Queensland Australia several people were infected with Hendra virus after close contact with Hendra virus infected horses. In the large outbreak in Malaysia, where Nipah virus (NiV) was first identified, most human infections resulted from close contact with NiV infected pigs. Outbreak investigations in Bangladesh implicate drinking raw date palm sap as the most common pathway of NiV transmission from Pteropus bats to people, but person-to-person transmission of NiV has also been repeatedly identified in Bangladesh and India. While henipaviruses are not easily transmitted to people, since most people known to be infected with these viruses die, and some strains are already capable of limited person-to-person transmission, these RNA viruses warrant continued surveillance and scientific attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationGlobal Virology I-Identifying and Investigating Viral Diseases
PublisherSpringer New York
Pages55-71
Number of pages17
ISBN (Electronic)9781493924103
ISBN (Print)9781493924097
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Hendra virus
  • Henipavirus
  • Nipah virus
  • Pteropus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)

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