Epidemiological risk stratification of malaria in the Americas.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

During the last years, malaria had a significant increase in Latin America, emerging again as one critical health problem in the Region of the Americas. More than 1.04 million new cases were reported in 1990. This resurgence of malaria needed a comprehensive strategy for its prevention and control. National malaria control programs recognized the epidemiological stratification of malaria as a valuable method to assist them in the recognition of local variations and factors that specifically contribute to the level and intensity of transmission in critical malarious areas. Also it serves as a useful instrument for the selection of needed malaria prevention and control activities. The principal feature of this approach is to provide a dynamic and ongoing process for assessing the epidemiological importance of different risk factors (socio-economic, ecological, organization of health services) in malaria transmission. Health interventions are based on this assessment and are aimed directly at the reduction or elimination of the identified risk factors operating at the local level. Intersectorial co-participation and the integration of malaria programs in local health services are also important aspects of this public health approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-120
Number of pages6
JournalMemórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Volume87 Suppl 3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)

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