Epidemic Yersinia enterocolitica infection due to contaminated chocolate milk

Robert E Black, R. J. Jackson, T. Tsai, M. Medvesky, M. Shayegani, J. C. Feeley, K. I. MacLeod, A. M. Wakelee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In September and October, 1976, an outbreak of illness due to chocolate milk contaminated with Yersinia enterocolitica resulted in hospitalization of 36 children, 16 of whom had appendectomies. Infection with Y. enterocolitica serotype 0:8 was demonstrated in 38 ill persons. Sixty-one per cent of the persons who were infected had a titer greater than 1:160 OH agglutinins to serotype 8 yersinia, whereas 48 per cent of the hospitalized children had a fourfold change in agglutinin titer. An epidemiologic investigation demonstrated that illness was associated with drinking of chocolate milk purchased in school cafeterias, and Y. enterocolitica 0:8 was subsequently isolated from the milk. The investigation suggested that the bacterium was introduced at the dairy during the mixing by hand of chocolate syrup with previously pasteurized milk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-79
Number of pages4
JournalNew England Journal of Medicine
Volume298
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Yersinia Infections
Yersinia enterocolitica
Milk
Agglutinins
Yersinia
Hospitalized Child
Appendectomy
Drinking
Disease Outbreaks
Hospitalization
Hand
Bacteria
Chocolate
Infection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Black, R. E., Jackson, R. J., Tsai, T., Medvesky, M., Shayegani, M., Feeley, J. C., ... Wakelee, A. M. (1978). Epidemic Yersinia enterocolitica infection due to contaminated chocolate milk. New England Journal of Medicine, 298(2), 76-79.

Epidemic Yersinia enterocolitica infection due to contaminated chocolate milk. / Black, Robert E; Jackson, R. J.; Tsai, T.; Medvesky, M.; Shayegani, M.; Feeley, J. C.; MacLeod, K. I.; Wakelee, A. M.

In: New England Journal of Medicine, Vol. 298, No. 2, 1978, p. 76-79.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Black, RE, Jackson, RJ, Tsai, T, Medvesky, M, Shayegani, M, Feeley, JC, MacLeod, KI & Wakelee, AM 1978, 'Epidemic Yersinia enterocolitica infection due to contaminated chocolate milk', New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 298, no. 2, pp. 76-79.
Black RE, Jackson RJ, Tsai T, Medvesky M, Shayegani M, Feeley JC et al. Epidemic Yersinia enterocolitica infection due to contaminated chocolate milk. New England Journal of Medicine. 1978;298(2):76-79.
Black, Robert E ; Jackson, R. J. ; Tsai, T. ; Medvesky, M. ; Shayegani, M. ; Feeley, J. C. ; MacLeod, K. I. ; Wakelee, A. M. / Epidemic Yersinia enterocolitica infection due to contaminated chocolate milk. In: New England Journal of Medicine. 1978 ; Vol. 298, No. 2. pp. 76-79.
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