Epicardial Fat Distribution Assessed with Cardiac CT in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy

Mounes Aliyari Ghasabeh, Anneline S.J.M. Te Riele, Cynthia Anne James, H. S.Vincent Chen, Crystal Tichnell, Brittney Murray, John Eng, Brian G Kral, Harikrishna Tandri, Hugh Calkins, Ihab R Kamel, Stefan Zimmerman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose To compare epicardial fat in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) with that in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, cardiac CT scans in 44 patients with ARVD/C (mean age, 39 years ± 12; 23 men) were compared with those in 45 control group participants between January 2008 and July 2015. Volumes of intrathoracic adipose tissue, mediastinal adipose tissue (MAT), and total epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) were quantified. EAT was subdivided into three regions-right ventricular (RV) EAT, left ventricular (LV) EAT, and peri-atrial EAT (atrial EAT)-and normalized to MAT for all regions. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis were performed to evaluate the association between epicardial fat with the diagnosis of ARVD/C. Results Total EAT volume was higher in patients with ARVD/C than in healthy control group participants (median, 98 mL vs 76 mL, respectively; P = .04). Regionally, LV and RV EAT volumes were higher in patients with ARVD/C than in control group participants, most notably when indexed to MAT (median LV EAT index: 0.49 vs 0.15, respectively; median RV EAT index: 0.91 vs 0.52; P ˂ .0005 for both). The optimal cutoff for diagnosis of ARVD/C was an LV EAT index of 0.24, with a sensitivity and specificity of 91% and 71%, respectively. Atrial EAT volume and total intrathoracic adipose tissue volume were not different between groups. RV diameter showed a positive correlation with total EAT index and LV EAT index (r = 0.21, P = .05 and r = 0.33, P = .002, respectively). Conclusion Higher amounts of right ventricular and left ventricular epicardial fat are found in hearts with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy, particularly adjacent to the left ventricle, which correlates with disease severity and helps differentiate patients from healthy subjects.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)641-648
Number of pages8
JournalRadiology
Volume289
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2018

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Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia
Adipose Tissue
Fats
Control Groups
Healthy Volunteers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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Epicardial Fat Distribution Assessed with Cardiac CT in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy. / Aliyari Ghasabeh, Mounes; Te Riele, Anneline S.J.M.; James, Cynthia Anne; Chen, H. S.Vincent; Tichnell, Crystal; Murray, Brittney; Eng, John; Kral, Brian G; Tandri, Harikrishna; Calkins, Hugh; Kamel, Ihab R; Zimmerman, Stefan.

In: Radiology, Vol. 289, No. 3, 01.12.2018, p. 641-648.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Epicardial Fat Distribution Assessed with Cardiac CT in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy",
abstract = "Purpose To compare epicardial fat in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) with that in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, cardiac CT scans in 44 patients with ARVD/C (mean age, 39 years ± 12; 23 men) were compared with those in 45 control group participants between January 2008 and July 2015. Volumes of intrathoracic adipose tissue, mediastinal adipose tissue (MAT), and total epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) were quantified. EAT was subdivided into three regions-right ventricular (RV) EAT, left ventricular (LV) EAT, and peri-atrial EAT (atrial EAT)-and normalized to MAT for all regions. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis were performed to evaluate the association between epicardial fat with the diagnosis of ARVD/C. Results Total EAT volume was higher in patients with ARVD/C than in healthy control group participants (median, 98 mL vs 76 mL, respectively; P = .04). Regionally, LV and RV EAT volumes were higher in patients with ARVD/C than in control group participants, most notably when indexed to MAT (median LV EAT index: 0.49 vs 0.15, respectively; median RV EAT index: 0.91 vs 0.52; P ˂ .0005 for both). The optimal cutoff for diagnosis of ARVD/C was an LV EAT index of 0.24, with a sensitivity and specificity of 91{\%} and 71{\%}, respectively. Atrial EAT volume and total intrathoracic adipose tissue volume were not different between groups. RV diameter showed a positive correlation with total EAT index and LV EAT index (r = 0.21, P = .05 and r = 0.33, P = .002, respectively). Conclusion Higher amounts of right ventricular and left ventricular epicardial fat are found in hearts with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy, particularly adjacent to the left ventricle, which correlates with disease severity and helps differentiate patients from healthy subjects.",
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T1 - Epicardial Fat Distribution Assessed with Cardiac CT in Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy

AU - Aliyari Ghasabeh, Mounes

AU - Te Riele, Anneline S.J.M.

AU - James, Cynthia Anne

AU - Chen, H. S.Vincent

AU - Tichnell, Crystal

AU - Murray, Brittney

AU - Eng, John

AU - Kral, Brian G

AU - Tandri, Harikrishna

AU - Calkins, Hugh

AU - Kamel, Ihab R

AU - Zimmerman, Stefan

PY - 2018/12/1

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N2 - Purpose To compare epicardial fat in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) with that in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, cardiac CT scans in 44 patients with ARVD/C (mean age, 39 years ± 12; 23 men) were compared with those in 45 control group participants between January 2008 and July 2015. Volumes of intrathoracic adipose tissue, mediastinal adipose tissue (MAT), and total epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) were quantified. EAT was subdivided into three regions-right ventricular (RV) EAT, left ventricular (LV) EAT, and peri-atrial EAT (atrial EAT)-and normalized to MAT for all regions. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis were performed to evaluate the association between epicardial fat with the diagnosis of ARVD/C. Results Total EAT volume was higher in patients with ARVD/C than in healthy control group participants (median, 98 mL vs 76 mL, respectively; P = .04). Regionally, LV and RV EAT volumes were higher in patients with ARVD/C than in control group participants, most notably when indexed to MAT (median LV EAT index: 0.49 vs 0.15, respectively; median RV EAT index: 0.91 vs 0.52; P ˂ .0005 for both). The optimal cutoff for diagnosis of ARVD/C was an LV EAT index of 0.24, with a sensitivity and specificity of 91% and 71%, respectively. Atrial EAT volume and total intrathoracic adipose tissue volume were not different between groups. RV diameter showed a positive correlation with total EAT index and LV EAT index (r = 0.21, P = .05 and r = 0.33, P = .002, respectively). Conclusion Higher amounts of right ventricular and left ventricular epicardial fat are found in hearts with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy, particularly adjacent to the left ventricle, which correlates with disease severity and helps differentiate patients from healthy subjects.

AB - Purpose To compare epicardial fat in patients with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) with that in healthy subjects. Materials and Methods In this retrospective study, cardiac CT scans in 44 patients with ARVD/C (mean age, 39 years ± 12; 23 men) were compared with those in 45 control group participants between January 2008 and July 2015. Volumes of intrathoracic adipose tissue, mediastinal adipose tissue (MAT), and total epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) were quantified. EAT was subdivided into three regions-right ventricular (RV) EAT, left ventricular (LV) EAT, and peri-atrial EAT (atrial EAT)-and normalized to MAT for all regions. Logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic analysis were performed to evaluate the association between epicardial fat with the diagnosis of ARVD/C. Results Total EAT volume was higher in patients with ARVD/C than in healthy control group participants (median, 98 mL vs 76 mL, respectively; P = .04). Regionally, LV and RV EAT volumes were higher in patients with ARVD/C than in control group participants, most notably when indexed to MAT (median LV EAT index: 0.49 vs 0.15, respectively; median RV EAT index: 0.91 vs 0.52; P ˂ .0005 for both). The optimal cutoff for diagnosis of ARVD/C was an LV EAT index of 0.24, with a sensitivity and specificity of 91% and 71%, respectively. Atrial EAT volume and total intrathoracic adipose tissue volume were not different between groups. RV diameter showed a positive correlation with total EAT index and LV EAT index (r = 0.21, P = .05 and r = 0.33, P = .002, respectively). Conclusion Higher amounts of right ventricular and left ventricular epicardial fat are found in hearts with arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy, particularly adjacent to the left ventricle, which correlates with disease severity and helps differentiate patients from healthy subjects.

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