Enzymatic addition of O-G1cNAc to nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins: Identification of a uridine diphospho-N-acetylglucosamine:Peptide β-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase

Robert S. Haltiwanger, Gordon D. Holt, Gerald Warren Hart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An assay for the enzyme responsible for the addition of O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) to proteins, a UDP-N-acetylglucosamine:peptide N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase, is reported using the synthetic peptide YSDSPSTST as the acceptor substrate. The activity is linearly dependent on time, enzyme, and substrate concentration. Replacement of the proline with a glycine in the peptide renders it ineffective as a substrate, whereas changing of the aspartic acid to a glycine has no effect. Product characterization of the glycosylated peptide demonstrates that the monosaccharide covalently attached to the peptide is N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and has not been epimerized to N-acetylgalactosamine. Mild base-catalyzed β-elimination of the in vitro glycosylated peptide quantitatively yields GlcNAcitol, indicating that the GlcNAc is attached via an O-linkage. The transferase activity is strongly inhibited by UDP but is unaffected by GlcNAc or tunicamycin. Interestingly, EDTA only slightly inhibits activity, suggesting that the enzyme may not require divalent cations. The majority of the activity is soluble, and the remainder is lost from membranes after extracting with high salt and EDTA. Consistent with the subcellular localization of most proteins bearing O-GlcNAc, the activity appears to reside in the cytosolic portion of the cell when compared to two lumenal marker enzymes, galactosyltransferase and mannose-6-phosphatase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2563-2568
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume265
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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