Chronic lung disease is a common complication of prematurity with substantial mortality and morbidity. Although the variation seen in bronchopulmonary dysplasia has a strong genetic component, the limited environmental variation in neonatal intensive care units may lead to underestimates of the contribution of environmental factors to lung disease variation. Once discharged from the hospital, preterm infants are exposed to a variety of environmental factors that likely worsen their disease. Recognition of these factors may lead to improved outcomes in this vulnerable population through more effective guidelines and counseling. This review examines the role of selected outpatient environmental factors on respiratory outcomes during infancy in preterm infants with lung disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Immunology and Allergy
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine