The relationship of mouthing behavior to different environmental conditions was evaluated for three young children with asymptomatic lead poisoning. Specifically, the amount of mouthing; involvement with materials, adults, and other children; and noninvolvement were measured across daily sessions in three environments: group play, individual impoverished play, and individual enriched play, using an interval-recording system. For each of the children, the results indicated that mouthing was exhibited significantly more in the impoverished setting as compared to either group play or individual enriched environments. The results suggested that simple environmental enrichment may hold promise in the reduction of mouthing and pica. Further research evaluating procedures for reduction of mouthing and pica is suggested.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Developmental and Educational Psychology