Environmental factors that impact the eating behaviors of low-income african american adolescents in Baltimore City

Karina M H Christiansen, Farah Qureshi, Alex Schaible, Sohyun Park, Joel Gittelsohn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: To understand environmental factors influencing the food-related habits of low-income urban African American adolescents. Design: Qualitative research was conducted between February and April, 2010, using in-depth interviews, focus groups, and direct observation. Setting: The study was conducted in low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods of Baltimore City. Participants: A total of 20 adolescents were interviewed in 18 in-depth interviews (n = 13) and 2 focus groups (n = 7). Participants were recruited from Baltimore City recreation centers and were eligible if they were African American and aged 10-16 years. Phenomenon of Interest: The food-related habits of low-income, African American, urban adolescents and reported perceptions of their food environments. Analysis: Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes. Results: Six thematic categories emerged and were organized into 4 environmental contexts: the neighborhood context (accessibility of food and safety of neighborhood), the school context (school food environment), the family context (family health history, role modeling, and monitoring) and the peer context (peer behaviors). Conclusions and Implications: Future efforts to reduce the obesity epidemic among low-income African American adolescents should address the social environment of the family; however, positive behavior change may not be sustainable without neighborhood or school food environment modifications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)652-660
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Volume45
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2013

Fingerprint

Baltimore
Feeding Behavior
African Americans
Interviews
Focus Groups
Food
Medical History Taking
Recreation
Social Environment
Food Safety
Qualitative Research
Obesity
Observation

Keywords

  • African American
  • Child
  • Eating behavior
  • Environment
  • Overweight
  • Qualitative research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Environmental factors that impact the eating behaviors of low-income african american adolescents in Baltimore City. / Christiansen, Karina M H; Qureshi, Farah; Schaible, Alex; Park, Sohyun; Gittelsohn, Joel.

In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Vol. 45, No. 6, 11.2013, p. 652-660.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Christiansen, Karina M H ; Qureshi, Farah ; Schaible, Alex ; Park, Sohyun ; Gittelsohn, Joel. / Environmental factors that impact the eating behaviors of low-income african american adolescents in Baltimore City. In: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior. 2013 ; Vol. 45, No. 6. pp. 652-660.
@article{4e8cb483c2d2403590f3186365dca7cb,
title = "Environmental factors that impact the eating behaviors of low-income african american adolescents in Baltimore City",
abstract = "Objective: To understand environmental factors influencing the food-related habits of low-income urban African American adolescents. Design: Qualitative research was conducted between February and April, 2010, using in-depth interviews, focus groups, and direct observation. Setting: The study was conducted in low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods of Baltimore City. Participants: A total of 20 adolescents were interviewed in 18 in-depth interviews (n = 13) and 2 focus groups (n = 7). Participants were recruited from Baltimore City recreation centers and were eligible if they were African American and aged 10-16 years. Phenomenon of Interest: The food-related habits of low-income, African American, urban adolescents and reported perceptions of their food environments. Analysis: Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes. Results: Six thematic categories emerged and were organized into 4 environmental contexts: the neighborhood context (accessibility of food and safety of neighborhood), the school context (school food environment), the family context (family health history, role modeling, and monitoring) and the peer context (peer behaviors). Conclusions and Implications: Future efforts to reduce the obesity epidemic among low-income African American adolescents should address the social environment of the family; however, positive behavior change may not be sustainable without neighborhood or school food environment modifications.",
keywords = "African American, Child, Eating behavior, Environment, Overweight, Qualitative research",
author = "Christiansen, {Karina M H} and Farah Qureshi and Alex Schaible and Sohyun Park and Joel Gittelsohn",
year = "2013",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/j.jneb.2013.05.009",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "45",
pages = "652--660",
journal = "Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior",
issn = "1499-4046",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Environmental factors that impact the eating behaviors of low-income african american adolescents in Baltimore City

AU - Christiansen, Karina M H

AU - Qureshi, Farah

AU - Schaible, Alex

AU - Park, Sohyun

AU - Gittelsohn, Joel

PY - 2013/11

Y1 - 2013/11

N2 - Objective: To understand environmental factors influencing the food-related habits of low-income urban African American adolescents. Design: Qualitative research was conducted between February and April, 2010, using in-depth interviews, focus groups, and direct observation. Setting: The study was conducted in low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods of Baltimore City. Participants: A total of 20 adolescents were interviewed in 18 in-depth interviews (n = 13) and 2 focus groups (n = 7). Participants were recruited from Baltimore City recreation centers and were eligible if they were African American and aged 10-16 years. Phenomenon of Interest: The food-related habits of low-income, African American, urban adolescents and reported perceptions of their food environments. Analysis: Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes. Results: Six thematic categories emerged and were organized into 4 environmental contexts: the neighborhood context (accessibility of food and safety of neighborhood), the school context (school food environment), the family context (family health history, role modeling, and monitoring) and the peer context (peer behaviors). Conclusions and Implications: Future efforts to reduce the obesity epidemic among low-income African American adolescents should address the social environment of the family; however, positive behavior change may not be sustainable without neighborhood or school food environment modifications.

AB - Objective: To understand environmental factors influencing the food-related habits of low-income urban African American adolescents. Design: Qualitative research was conducted between February and April, 2010, using in-depth interviews, focus groups, and direct observation. Setting: The study was conducted in low-income, predominantly African American neighborhoods of Baltimore City. Participants: A total of 20 adolescents were interviewed in 18 in-depth interviews (n = 13) and 2 focus groups (n = 7). Participants were recruited from Baltimore City recreation centers and were eligible if they were African American and aged 10-16 years. Phenomenon of Interest: The food-related habits of low-income, African American, urban adolescents and reported perceptions of their food environments. Analysis: Interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, coded, and analyzed for emerging themes. Results: Six thematic categories emerged and were organized into 4 environmental contexts: the neighborhood context (accessibility of food and safety of neighborhood), the school context (school food environment), the family context (family health history, role modeling, and monitoring) and the peer context (peer behaviors). Conclusions and Implications: Future efforts to reduce the obesity epidemic among low-income African American adolescents should address the social environment of the family; however, positive behavior change may not be sustainable without neighborhood or school food environment modifications.

KW - African American

KW - Child

KW - Eating behavior

KW - Environment

KW - Overweight

KW - Qualitative research

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84887183325&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84887183325&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.jneb.2013.05.009

DO - 10.1016/j.jneb.2013.05.009

M3 - Article

C2 - 23916684

AN - SCOPUS:84887183325

VL - 45

SP - 652

EP - 660

JO - Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

JF - Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior

SN - 1499-4046

IS - 6

ER -