Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery: An American Surgical Association White Paper

Michaela A. West, Shelley Hwang, Ronald V. Maier, Nita Ahuja, Peter Angelos, Barbara L. Bass, Karen J. Brasel, Herbert Chen, Kimberly A. Davis, Timothy J. Eberlein, Yuman Fong, Caprice C. Greenberg, Keith D. Lillemoe, Mary C. McCarthy, Fabrizio Michelassi, Patricia J. Numann, Sareh Parangi, Jorge D. Reyes, Hilary A. Sanfey, Steven C. StainRonald J. Weigel, Sherry M. Wren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The leadership of the American Surgical Association (ASA) appointed a Task Force to objectively address issues related to equity, diversity, and inclusion with the discipline of academic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgeons and the discipline of surgery, particularly academic surgery, have a tradition of leadership both in medicine and society. Currently, we are being challenged to harness our innate curiosity, hard work, and perseverance to address the historically significant deficiencies within our field in the areas of diversity, equity, and inclusion. METHODS: The ASA leadership requested members to volunteer to serve on a Task Force to comprehensively address equity, diversity, and inclusion in academic surgery. Nine work groups reviewed the current literature, performed primary qualitative interviews, and distilled available guidelines and published primary source materials. A work product was created and published on the ASA Website and made available to the public. The full work product was summarized into this White Paper. RESULTS: The ASA has produced a handbook entitled: Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery, which identifies issues and challenges, and develops a set of solutions and benchmarks to aid the academic surgical community in achieving these goals. CONCLUSION: Surgery must identify areas for improvement and work iteratively to address and correct past deficiencies. This requires honest and ongoing identification and correction of implicit and explicit biases. Increasing diversity in our departments, residencies, and universities will improve patient care, enhance productivity, augment community connections, and achieve our most fundamental ambition-doing good for our patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-407
Number of pages5
JournalAnnals of surgery
Volume268
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Advisory Committees
Benchmarking
Exploratory Behavior
Internship and Residency
Volunteers
Patient Care
Medicine
Guidelines
Interviews
Surgeons
Identification (Psychology)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Cite this

Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery : An American Surgical Association White Paper. / West, Michaela A.; Hwang, Shelley; Maier, Ronald V.; Ahuja, Nita; Angelos, Peter; Bass, Barbara L.; Brasel, Karen J.; Chen, Herbert; Davis, Kimberly A.; Eberlein, Timothy J.; Fong, Yuman; Greenberg, Caprice C.; Lillemoe, Keith D.; McCarthy, Mary C.; Michelassi, Fabrizio; Numann, Patricia J.; Parangi, Sareh; Reyes, Jorge D.; Sanfey, Hilary A.; Stain, Steven C.; Weigel, Ronald J.; Wren, Sherry M.

In: Annals of surgery, Vol. 268, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 403-407.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

West, MA, Hwang, S, Maier, RV, Ahuja, N, Angelos, P, Bass, BL, Brasel, KJ, Chen, H, Davis, KA, Eberlein, TJ, Fong, Y, Greenberg, CC, Lillemoe, KD, McCarthy, MC, Michelassi, F, Numann, PJ, Parangi, S, Reyes, JD, Sanfey, HA, Stain, SC, Weigel, RJ & Wren, SM 2018, 'Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery: An American Surgical Association White Paper', Annals of surgery, vol. 268, no. 3, pp. 403-407. https://doi.org/10.1097/SLA.0000000000002937
West, Michaela A. ; Hwang, Shelley ; Maier, Ronald V. ; Ahuja, Nita ; Angelos, Peter ; Bass, Barbara L. ; Brasel, Karen J. ; Chen, Herbert ; Davis, Kimberly A. ; Eberlein, Timothy J. ; Fong, Yuman ; Greenberg, Caprice C. ; Lillemoe, Keith D. ; McCarthy, Mary C. ; Michelassi, Fabrizio ; Numann, Patricia J. ; Parangi, Sareh ; Reyes, Jorge D. ; Sanfey, Hilary A. ; Stain, Steven C. ; Weigel, Ronald J. ; Wren, Sherry M. / Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery : An American Surgical Association White Paper. In: Annals of surgery. 2018 ; Vol. 268, No. 3. pp. 403-407.
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abstract = "OBJECTIVE: The leadership of the American Surgical Association (ASA) appointed a Task Force to objectively address issues related to equity, diversity, and inclusion with the discipline of academic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgeons and the discipline of surgery, particularly academic surgery, have a tradition of leadership both in medicine and society. Currently, we are being challenged to harness our innate curiosity, hard work, and perseverance to address the historically significant deficiencies within our field in the areas of diversity, equity, and inclusion. METHODS: The ASA leadership requested members to volunteer to serve on a Task Force to comprehensively address equity, diversity, and inclusion in academic surgery. Nine work groups reviewed the current literature, performed primary qualitative interviews, and distilled available guidelines and published primary source materials. A work product was created and published on the ASA Website and made available to the public. The full work product was summarized into this White Paper. RESULTS: The ASA has produced a handbook entitled: Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery, which identifies issues and challenges, and develops a set of solutions and benchmarks to aid the academic surgical community in achieving these goals. CONCLUSION: Surgery must identify areas for improvement and work iteratively to address and correct past deficiencies. This requires honest and ongoing identification and correction of implicit and explicit biases. Increasing diversity in our departments, residencies, and universities will improve patient care, enhance productivity, augment community connections, and achieve our most fundamental ambition-doing good for our patients.",
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AU - West, Michaela A.

AU - Hwang, Shelley

AU - Maier, Ronald V.

AU - Ahuja, Nita

AU - Angelos, Peter

AU - Bass, Barbara L.

AU - Brasel, Karen J.

AU - Chen, Herbert

AU - Davis, Kimberly A.

AU - Eberlein, Timothy J.

AU - Fong, Yuman

AU - Greenberg, Caprice C.

AU - Lillemoe, Keith D.

AU - McCarthy, Mary C.

AU - Michelassi, Fabrizio

AU - Numann, Patricia J.

AU - Parangi, Sareh

AU - Reyes, Jorge D.

AU - Sanfey, Hilary A.

AU - Stain, Steven C.

AU - Weigel, Ronald J.

AU - Wren, Sherry M.

PY - 2018/9/1

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N2 - OBJECTIVE: The leadership of the American Surgical Association (ASA) appointed a Task Force to objectively address issues related to equity, diversity, and inclusion with the discipline of academic surgery. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Surgeons and the discipline of surgery, particularly academic surgery, have a tradition of leadership both in medicine and society. Currently, we are being challenged to harness our innate curiosity, hard work, and perseverance to address the historically significant deficiencies within our field in the areas of diversity, equity, and inclusion. METHODS: The ASA leadership requested members to volunteer to serve on a Task Force to comprehensively address equity, diversity, and inclusion in academic surgery. Nine work groups reviewed the current literature, performed primary qualitative interviews, and distilled available guidelines and published primary source materials. A work product was created and published on the ASA Website and made available to the public. The full work product was summarized into this White Paper. RESULTS: The ASA has produced a handbook entitled: Ensuring Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion in Academic Surgery, which identifies issues and challenges, and develops a set of solutions and benchmarks to aid the academic surgical community in achieving these goals. CONCLUSION: Surgery must identify areas for improvement and work iteratively to address and correct past deficiencies. This requires honest and ongoing identification and correction of implicit and explicit biases. Increasing diversity in our departments, residencies, and universities will improve patient care, enhance productivity, augment community connections, and achieve our most fundamental ambition-doing good for our patients.

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