Invasive aspergillosis is a serious fungal infection caused by the proliferation and invasion of Aspergillus hyphae in tissue. Neutrophils (PMNs) are the most important line of defense against Aspergillus hyphae. To investigate the role of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and gamma interferon (IFN-γ) against Aspergillus fumigatus, we studied the effects of the two cytokines on the oxidative burst and the capacity of normal human PMNs to damage hyphae of the organism. G-CSF enhanced PMN oxidative burst measured as superoxide anion (O2-) production in response to N-formylmethionyl leucyl phenylalanine, serum opsonized hyphae, and nonopsonized hyphae by 75, 37, and 24%, respectively, compared with control PMNs (P < 0.015). IFN-γ also induced increases of 52, 71, and 96%, respectively, in response to the same stimuli (P < 0.006). In addition, the capacity of PMNs to damage hyphae as measured by the 3-4,5-dimethylthiazol- 2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MMT) colorimetric metabolic assay was significantly enhanced by G-CSF and IFN-γ (P < 0.01 and < 0.05, respectively). The enhancement was achieved irrespective of serum opsonization of the hyphae, suggesting upregulatory actions of the two cytokines on signal pathways specific for opsonized and nonopsonized hyphae. The combination of the two cytokines exhibited an additive effect at the higher concentrations compared with the effects of the cytokines alone (P < 0.05). Pretreatment of PMNs with protein synthesis inhibitors showed that IFN-γ activates PMN function through transcriptional regulation, whereas the effect of G-CSF does not require new proteins. These in vitro effects suggest modulatory roles for G-CSF and IFN-γ in the host defense against Aspergillus hyphae irrespective of serum opsonization and a potential utility of the cytokines as adjuncts for the prevention and possible treatment of invasive aspergillosis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Infection and immunity|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Infectious Diseases