Emerging evidence suggests that proinflammatory cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), play a critical role in the initiation and progression of liver regeneration; however, relatively little is known about the role of anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 in liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy (PHx). Here, we examined the role of IL-10 in liver regeneration using a model of PHx in several strains of genetically modified mice. After PHx, expression of IL-10 mRNA in the liver and spleen was significantly elevated. Such elevation was diminished in TLR4 mutant mice. Compared with wild-type mice, IL-10-/- mice had higher levels of expression of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-α, and IFN-γ) and inflammatory markers (CCR2 and F4/80) in the liver, as well as higher serum levels of proinflammatory cytokines after PHx. The number of neutrophils and macrophages was also higher in the livers of IL-10-/- mice than in wild-type mice after PHx. Liver regeneration as determined by BrdU incorporation after PHx was higher in IL-10-/- mice than in wild-type mice, which was associated with higher levels of activation of IL-6 downstream signal STAT3 in the liver. An additional deletion of STAT3 in hepatocytes significantly reduced liver regeneration in IL-10-/- mice after PHx. Collectively, IL-10 plays an important role in negatively regulating liver regeneration via limiting inflammatory response and subsequently tempering hepatic STAT3 activation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine