Enhanced liver fibrosis marker as a noninvasive predictor of mortality in HIV/hepatitis C virus-coinfected women from a multicenter study of women with or at risk for HIV

Marion G. Peters, Peter Bacchetti, Ross Boylan, Audrey L. French, Phyllis C. Tien, Michael W. Plankey, Marshall J. Glesby, Michael Augenbraun, Elizabeth T. Golub, Roksana Karim, Julie Parkes, William Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Coinfection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among individuals with HIV. Our objective was to assess the prognostic performance of noninvasive measures of liver fibrosis in predicting all-cause mortality in women with HIV/HCV coinfection. Design: We studied HCV/HIV coinfected women enrolled in the prospective, multicenter Women's Interagency HIV Study. Aspartate aminotransferase to platelet ratio and FIB-4 were used to identify women without fibrosis at all visits and women who progressed to severe fibrosis. Methods: Enhanced liver fibrosis (ELF), which utilizes direct measures of fibrosis, hyaluronic acid, procollagen III aminoterminal peptide and tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase was performed. Results: Included were 381 women with 2296 ELF measurements, with mean follow-up 8.3±3.3 years. There were 134 deaths (60% with severe liver fibrosis). Receiver operator characteristic curves at fixed time windows prior to death or at end of follow-up showed that ELF was best at predicting mortality when tested within a year of death (area under the curve for ELF 0.85 vs. APRI 0.69, P<0.0001 and vs. FIB-4 0.75, P=0.0036); and 1-3 years prior (ELF 0.71 vs. APRI 0.61, P=0.005 and vs. FIB-4 0.65, P=0.06). Use of all three measures did not improve on ELF alone. In multivariate logistic regression models controlling for CD4+ cell count, HIV viral load, antiretroviral use and age, ELF continued to perform better than APRI and FIB-4. Conclusion: ELF predicted all-cause mortality and was superior to APRI and FIB-4 in HIV/HCV coinfected women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-729
Number of pages7
JournalAIDS
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 13 2016

Keywords

  • hyaluronic acid
  • liver fibrosis
  • noninvasive markers
  • procollagen III aminoterminal peptide
  • tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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