Phenobarbital (PB) is a well characterized inducer of cytochrome P450 (P450) 2B and 3A subfamilies. Several proinflammatory cytokines have been shown to negatively modulate the induction of P450 by PB. In addition, PB is known to elicit an inflammatory mitogenic effect on the liver. To date, no studies have evaluated the PB induction profile of hepatic P450 in the absence of an intact tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) response. To test the hypothesis that endogenous TNFα signaling modulates hepatic P450 induction by PB in vivo, PB induction was examined in TNF (p55-/-/p75-/-) double receptor knockout mice (ko-TNF) and wild-type mice (wt-TNF). CYP2B-and CYP3A-associated activities and protein content were induced to a significantly greater extent (p <0.05) in ko-TNF mice compared with wt-TNF mice. In parallel with enhanced CYP2B induction, an apparent elevation in the nuclear accumulation of the principal regulatory protein for transcription of CYP2B genes, the constitutively activated receptor (CAR), was detected in ko-TNF nuclear extracts following PB treatment. Additionally, nuclear factor κ-B binding was induced by PB in wt-TNF mice, but not in ko-TNF mice, indicating that the hepatic inflammatory response following PB treatment differed between wt-TNF and ko-TNF mice. These data demonstrate that endogenous TNFα signaling modulates PB induction of hepatic CYP2B and CYP3A isoforms in vivo. Further, the data presented herein suggest that endogenous TNFα signaling influences PB induction of CYP2B through inhibition of CAR nuclear accumulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics|
|State||Published - 2002|
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