Using external vascular ultrasound, we measured brachial artery diameter (Diam) at rest, after release of 4 min of limb ischemia, i.e., endothelium- dependent dilation (EDD), and after sublingual nitroglycerin, i.e., non- endothelium-dependent dilation (NonEDD), in 35 healthy men aged 61-83 yr: 12 endurance athletes (A) and 23 controls (C). As anticipated, treadmill exercise maximal oxygen consumption (V̇O2(max)) was significantly higher in Athan in C (40.2 ± 6.6 vs. 27.9 ± 3.8 ml · kg-1 · min-1; respectively, P < 0.0001). With regard to arterial physiology, A had greater EDD (8.9 ± 4.2 vs. 5.7 ± 3.5%; P = 0.02) and a tendency for higher NonEDD (13.9 ± 6.7 vs. 9.7 ± 4.2%; P = 0.07) compared with C. By multiple linear regression analysis in the combined sample of older men, only baseline Diam (β = -2.0., where β is the regression coefficient; P = 0.005) and VO2(max) (β = 0.23; P = 0.003) were independent predictors of EDD; similarly, only Diam (β = -4.0; P = 0.003) and V̇O2(max) (β = 0.27; P = 0.01) predicted NonEDD. Thus endurance-trained older men demonstrate both augmented EDD and NonEDD, consistent with a generalized enhanced vasodilator responsiveness, compared with their sedentary age peers.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of applied physiology|
|State||Published - Dec 1999|
- Endothelial function
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)