Enhanced Adhesion of Mosquitoes to Rough Surfaces

Leila Pashazanusi, Baraka Lwoya, Shreyas Oak, Tushar Khosla, Julie N.L. Albert, Yu Tian, Geetha Bansal, Nirbhay Kumar, Noshir S. Pesika

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Insects and small animals capable of adhering reversibly to a variety of surfaces employ the unique design of the distal part of their legs. In the case of mosquitoes, their feet are composed of thousands of micro- and nanoscale protruding structures, which impart superhydrophobic properties. Previous research has shown that the superhydrophobic nature of the feet allows mosquitoes to land on water, which is necessary for their reproduction cycle. Here, we show that van der Waals interactions are the main adhesion mechanism employed by mosquitoes to adhere to various surfaces. We further demonstrate that the judicious creation of surface roughness on an opposing surface can increase the adhesion strength because of the increased number of surface elements interacting with the setae through multiple contact points. Although van der Waals forces are shown to be the predominant mechanism by which mosquitoes adhere to surfaces, capillary forces can also contribute to the total adhesion force when the opposing surface is hydrophilic and under humid conditions. These fundamental properties can potentially be applied in the development of superior Long Lasting Insecticidal Nets (LLINs), which represent one of the most effective methods to mitigate mosquito-transmitted infectious diseases such as Malaria, Filaria, Zika, and Dengue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24373-24380
Number of pages8
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume9
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2017
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Adhesion
Van der Waals forces
Bond strength (materials)
Point contacts
Animals
Surface roughness
Water

Keywords

  • adhesion
  • hierarchical structure
  • long lasting insecticidal nets
  • malaria
  • mosquito

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Pashazanusi, L., Lwoya, B., Oak, S., Khosla, T., Albert, J. N. L., Tian, Y., ... Pesika, N. S. (2017). Enhanced Adhesion of Mosquitoes to Rough Surfaces. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 9(28), 24373-24380. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06659

Enhanced Adhesion of Mosquitoes to Rough Surfaces. / Pashazanusi, Leila; Lwoya, Baraka; Oak, Shreyas; Khosla, Tushar; Albert, Julie N.L.; Tian, Yu; Bansal, Geetha; Kumar, Nirbhay; Pesika, Noshir S.

In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 9, No. 28, 19.07.2017, p. 24373-24380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pashazanusi, L, Lwoya, B, Oak, S, Khosla, T, Albert, JNL, Tian, Y, Bansal, G, Kumar, N & Pesika, NS 2017, 'Enhanced Adhesion of Mosquitoes to Rough Surfaces', ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, vol. 9, no. 28, pp. 24373-24380. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06659
Pashazanusi L, Lwoya B, Oak S, Khosla T, Albert JNL, Tian Y et al. Enhanced Adhesion of Mosquitoes to Rough Surfaces. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2017 Jul 19;9(28):24373-24380. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.7b06659
Pashazanusi, Leila ; Lwoya, Baraka ; Oak, Shreyas ; Khosla, Tushar ; Albert, Julie N.L. ; Tian, Yu ; Bansal, Geetha ; Kumar, Nirbhay ; Pesika, Noshir S. / Enhanced Adhesion of Mosquitoes to Rough Surfaces. In: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces. 2017 ; Vol. 9, No. 28. pp. 24373-24380.
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