Engineering biomaterials to prevent post-operative infection and fibrosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Abstract: Implantable biomaterials are essential surgical devices, extending and improving the quality of life of millions of people globally. Advances in materials science, manufacturing, and in our understanding of the biological response to medical device implantation over several decades have resulted in improved safety and functionality of biomaterials. However, post-operative infection and immune responses remain significant challenges that interfere with biomaterial functionality and host healing processes. The objectives of this review is to provide an overview of the biology of post-operative infection and the physiological response to implanted biomaterials and to discuss emerging strategies utilizing local drug delivery and surface modification to improve the long-term safety and efficacy of biomaterials. Graphical abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1675-1688
Number of pages14
JournalDrug Delivery and Translational Research
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Keywords

  • Bacterial adhesion
  • Biomaterials
  • Fibrosis
  • Infection
  • Inflammation
  • Surface modification
  • Sustained release

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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