Engineered human skin model using poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase antisense expression shows a reduced response to DNA damage

D. S. Rosenthal, T. B. Shima, G. Celli, L. M. De Luca, M. E. Smulson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PADPRP) modifies nuclear proteins in response to DNA-damaging agents. The principal organ subject to exposure to many of these agents is the skin. To understand the role of PADPRP in the maintenance of he epidermis, a model system has been developed in which we have selectively lowered the levels of this enzyme by the use of induced expression of antisense RNA. Human keratinocyte lines were stably transfected with the cDNA for human PADPRP in the antisense orientation under an inducible promoter. Induction of this an antisense RNA in cultured cells selectively lowers the levels of PADPRP mRNA, protein, and enzyme activity. Induction of antisense RNA also led to a reduction in the levels of PADPRP in individual cell nuclei, as well as the loss of the ability of cells to synthesize and modify proteins by poly(ADP-ribose) polymer in response to DNA damage. When keratinocyte clones containing the antisense construct or empty vector alone were grafted onto nude mice, they formed histologically normal human skin. The PADPRP antisense construct was also inducible in vivo by the topical application of dexamethasone to the reconstituted epidermis. In addition, poly(ADP-ribose) polymer could be induced and detected in vivo following the topical application of a DNA alkylating agent to the grafted transfected skin layers. Accordingly, a model system has been developed in which the levels of PADPRP can be selectively manipulated in human keratinocytes in cell culture, and potentially in reconstituted epidermis as well. This system will be a useful tool to study the role of PADPRP and DNA repair in general in essential biologic processes in the epidermis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-43
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume105
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA repair
  • Grafting
  • MNNG
  • Sulfur mustard

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

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