Energy-containing beverages

Reproductive hormones and ovarian function in the biocycle study1-3

Karen C. Schliep, Enrique F. Schisterman, Sunni L. Mumford, Anna Z. Pollack, Neil J. Perkins, Aijun Ye, Cuilin J. Zhang, Joseph B. Stanford, Christina A. Porucznik, Ahmad O. Hammoud, Jean Wactawski-Wende

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Energy-containing beverages are widely consumed among premenopausal women, but their association with reproductive hormones is not well understood. Objective: The objective was to assess the association of energycontaining beverages, added sugars, and total fructose intake with reproductive hormones among ovulatory cycles and sporadic anovulation in healthy premenopausal women. Design: Women (n = 259) in the BioCycle Study were followed for up to 2 menstrual cycles; they provided fasting blood specimens during up to 8 visits/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle. Results: Women who consumed >1 cup (1 cup = 237 mL) sweetened soda/d had 16.3% higher estradiol concentrations compared with women who consumed less sweetened soda (86.5 pg/mL compared with 74.4 pg/mL, P = 0.01) after adjustment for age, BMI, race, dietary factors, and physical activity. Similarly elevated estradiol concentrations were found for >1 cup cola/d and noncola soda intake. Neither artificially sweetened soda nor fruit juice intake c1 cup/d was significantly associated with reproductive hormones. Added sugar above the average US woman's intake (c73.2 g/d) or above the 66th percentile in total fructose intake (c41.5 g/d) was associated with significantly elevated estradiol but not consistently across all models. No associations were found between beverages, added sugars, or total fructose intake and anovulation after multivariate adjustment. Conclusions: Even at moderate consumption amounts, sweetened soda is associated with elevated follicular estradiol concentrations among premenopausal women but does not appear to affect ovulatory function. Further research into the mechanism driving the association between energy-containing beverages and reproductive hormones, and its potential implications for women's health, is warranted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)621-630
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Beverages
Hormones
Estradiol
Fructose
Anovulation
Social Adjustment
Women's Health
Menstrual Cycle
Fasting
Exercise
Research

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Schliep, K. C., Schisterman, E. F., Mumford, S. L., Pollack, A. Z., Perkins, N. J., Ye, A., ... Wactawski-Wende, J. (2013). Energy-containing beverages: Reproductive hormones and ovarian function in the biocycle study1-3. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 97(3), 621-630. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.024752

Energy-containing beverages : Reproductive hormones and ovarian function in the biocycle study1-3. / Schliep, Karen C.; Schisterman, Enrique F.; Mumford, Sunni L.; Pollack, Anna Z.; Perkins, Neil J.; Ye, Aijun; Zhang, Cuilin J.; Stanford, Joseph B.; Porucznik, Christina A.; Hammoud, Ahmad O.; Wactawski-Wende, Jean.

In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. 97, No. 3, 01.03.2013, p. 621-630.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schliep, KC, Schisterman, EF, Mumford, SL, Pollack, AZ, Perkins, NJ, Ye, A, Zhang, CJ, Stanford, JB, Porucznik, CA, Hammoud, AO & Wactawski-Wende, J 2013, 'Energy-containing beverages: Reproductive hormones and ovarian function in the biocycle study1-3', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 97, no. 3, pp. 621-630. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.024752
Schliep, Karen C. ; Schisterman, Enrique F. ; Mumford, Sunni L. ; Pollack, Anna Z. ; Perkins, Neil J. ; Ye, Aijun ; Zhang, Cuilin J. ; Stanford, Joseph B. ; Porucznik, Christina A. ; Hammoud, Ahmad O. ; Wactawski-Wende, Jean. / Energy-containing beverages : Reproductive hormones and ovarian function in the biocycle study1-3. In: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013 ; Vol. 97, No. 3. pp. 621-630.
@article{e4e3797d738645eab6e07e321830ef5c,
title = "Energy-containing beverages: Reproductive hormones and ovarian function in the biocycle study1-3",
abstract = "Background: Energy-containing beverages are widely consumed among premenopausal women, but their association with reproductive hormones is not well understood. Objective: The objective was to assess the association of energycontaining beverages, added sugars, and total fructose intake with reproductive hormones among ovulatory cycles and sporadic anovulation in healthy premenopausal women. Design: Women (n = 259) in the BioCycle Study were followed for up to 2 menstrual cycles; they provided fasting blood specimens during up to 8 visits/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle. Results: Women who consumed >1 cup (1 cup = 237 mL) sweetened soda/d had 16.3{\%} higher estradiol concentrations compared with women who consumed less sweetened soda (86.5 pg/mL compared with 74.4 pg/mL, P = 0.01) after adjustment for age, BMI, race, dietary factors, and physical activity. Similarly elevated estradiol concentrations were found for >1 cup cola/d and noncola soda intake. Neither artificially sweetened soda nor fruit juice intake c1 cup/d was significantly associated with reproductive hormones. Added sugar above the average US woman's intake (c73.2 g/d) or above the 66th percentile in total fructose intake (c41.5 g/d) was associated with significantly elevated estradiol but not consistently across all models. No associations were found between beverages, added sugars, or total fructose intake and anovulation after multivariate adjustment. Conclusions: Even at moderate consumption amounts, sweetened soda is associated with elevated follicular estradiol concentrations among premenopausal women but does not appear to affect ovulatory function. Further research into the mechanism driving the association between energy-containing beverages and reproductive hormones, and its potential implications for women's health, is warranted.",
author = "Schliep, {Karen C.} and Schisterman, {Enrique F.} and Mumford, {Sunni L.} and Pollack, {Anna Z.} and Perkins, {Neil J.} and Aijun Ye and Zhang, {Cuilin J.} and Stanford, {Joseph B.} and Porucznik, {Christina A.} and Hammoud, {Ahmad O.} and Jean Wactawski-Wende",
year = "2013",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3945/ajcn.111.024752",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "97",
pages = "621--630",
journal = "American Journal of Clinical Nutrition",
issn = "0002-9165",
publisher = "American Society for Nutrition",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy-containing beverages

T2 - Reproductive hormones and ovarian function in the biocycle study1-3

AU - Schliep, Karen C.

AU - Schisterman, Enrique F.

AU - Mumford, Sunni L.

AU - Pollack, Anna Z.

AU - Perkins, Neil J.

AU - Ye, Aijun

AU - Zhang, Cuilin J.

AU - Stanford, Joseph B.

AU - Porucznik, Christina A.

AU - Hammoud, Ahmad O.

AU - Wactawski-Wende, Jean

PY - 2013/3/1

Y1 - 2013/3/1

N2 - Background: Energy-containing beverages are widely consumed among premenopausal women, but their association with reproductive hormones is not well understood. Objective: The objective was to assess the association of energycontaining beverages, added sugars, and total fructose intake with reproductive hormones among ovulatory cycles and sporadic anovulation in healthy premenopausal women. Design: Women (n = 259) in the BioCycle Study were followed for up to 2 menstrual cycles; they provided fasting blood specimens during up to 8 visits/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle. Results: Women who consumed >1 cup (1 cup = 237 mL) sweetened soda/d had 16.3% higher estradiol concentrations compared with women who consumed less sweetened soda (86.5 pg/mL compared with 74.4 pg/mL, P = 0.01) after adjustment for age, BMI, race, dietary factors, and physical activity. Similarly elevated estradiol concentrations were found for >1 cup cola/d and noncola soda intake. Neither artificially sweetened soda nor fruit juice intake c1 cup/d was significantly associated with reproductive hormones. Added sugar above the average US woman's intake (c73.2 g/d) or above the 66th percentile in total fructose intake (c41.5 g/d) was associated with significantly elevated estradiol but not consistently across all models. No associations were found between beverages, added sugars, or total fructose intake and anovulation after multivariate adjustment. Conclusions: Even at moderate consumption amounts, sweetened soda is associated with elevated follicular estradiol concentrations among premenopausal women but does not appear to affect ovulatory function. Further research into the mechanism driving the association between energy-containing beverages and reproductive hormones, and its potential implications for women's health, is warranted.

AB - Background: Energy-containing beverages are widely consumed among premenopausal women, but their association with reproductive hormones is not well understood. Objective: The objective was to assess the association of energycontaining beverages, added sugars, and total fructose intake with reproductive hormones among ovulatory cycles and sporadic anovulation in healthy premenopausal women. Design: Women (n = 259) in the BioCycle Study were followed for up to 2 menstrual cycles; they provided fasting blood specimens during up to 8 visits/cycle and four 24-h dietary recalls/cycle. Results: Women who consumed >1 cup (1 cup = 237 mL) sweetened soda/d had 16.3% higher estradiol concentrations compared with women who consumed less sweetened soda (86.5 pg/mL compared with 74.4 pg/mL, P = 0.01) after adjustment for age, BMI, race, dietary factors, and physical activity. Similarly elevated estradiol concentrations were found for >1 cup cola/d and noncola soda intake. Neither artificially sweetened soda nor fruit juice intake c1 cup/d was significantly associated with reproductive hormones. Added sugar above the average US woman's intake (c73.2 g/d) or above the 66th percentile in total fructose intake (c41.5 g/d) was associated with significantly elevated estradiol but not consistently across all models. No associations were found between beverages, added sugars, or total fructose intake and anovulation after multivariate adjustment. Conclusions: Even at moderate consumption amounts, sweetened soda is associated with elevated follicular estradiol concentrations among premenopausal women but does not appear to affect ovulatory function. Further research into the mechanism driving the association between energy-containing beverages and reproductive hormones, and its potential implications for women's health, is warranted.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874305218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84874305218&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3945/ajcn.111.024752

DO - 10.3945/ajcn.111.024752

M3 - Article

VL - 97

SP - 621

EP - 630

JO - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

JF - American Journal of Clinical Nutrition

SN - 0002-9165

IS - 3

ER -