Endovascular flow diversion for treatment of anterior communicating artery region cerebral aneurysms: a single-center cohort of 50 cases

Geoffrey P. Colby, Matthew T. Bender, Li Mei Lin, Narlin Beaty, Judy Huang, Rafael J Tamargo, Alexander Coon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Flow diversion represents a novel but definitive treatment for recurrent and difficult-to-coil aneurysms of the anterior communicating artery (ACoA) region, of which reports are limited.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of the Pipeline embolization device (PED) in treating aneurysms in the ACoA region.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed an IRB-approved database of patients with an aneurysm at a single institution for patients with ACoA or A1-A2 aneurysms treated with PED. Data analyzed included demographics, aneurysm characteristics, procedural details, follow-up results, and outcomes.

RESULTS: A total of 50 procedures were performed on 41 patients, including seven patients who underwent bilateral 'H-pipe' PED placement. The average age was 56 years and 46% of the patients were female. The average aneurysm size was 4.5 mm, and two large (>10 mm) aneurysms were treated. The vessel of origin was either the ACoA (26 aneurysms, 63%) or the A1-A2 junction (15 aneurysms, 37%). Eighteen patients (44%) had prior subarachnoid hemorrhage and 20 had previously been treated either with clipping (6 aneurysms, 15%) or coiling (14 aneurysms, 34%). Procedural success was achieved in 48/50 cases (96%) and two cases were aborted. Coils were deployed adjunctively in two cases (4%). Procedural outcomes included no deaths, one major ischemic stroke (2%), and two patients with intracranial hemorrhage (4%). Complete aneurysm occlusion was achieved in 81% of patients at 6 months and 85% of patients at last follow-up digital subtraction angiography.

CONCLUSIONS: The PED can be used safely and effectively in the treatment of aneurysms of the ACoA region. This represents a good alternative treatment option to microsurgical clipping and endovascular coiling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-685
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of NeuroInterventional Surgery
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Flow Diverter
  • Technique

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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