“Endovascular embolic hemispherectomy”: a strategy for the initial management of catastrophic holohemispheric epilepsy in the neonate

Chima Oluigbo, Monica Pearl, Tammy N. Tsuchida, Taeun Chang, Cheng Ying Ho, William D. Gaillard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: Conflicting challenges abound in the management of the newborn with intractable epilepsy related to hemimegalencephaly. Early hemispherectomy to stop seizures and prevent deleterious consequences to future neurocognitive development must be weighed against the technical and anesthetic challenges of performing major hemispheric surgery in the neonate. Methods: We hereby present our experience with two neonates with hemimegalencephaly and intractable seizures who were managed using a strategy of initial minimally invasive embolization of the cerebral blood supply to the involved hemisphere. Results: Immediate significant seizure control was achieved after embolization of the cerebral blood supply to the involved hemisphere followed by delayed ipsilateral hemispheric resection at a later optimal age. Conclusion: The considerations and challenges encountered in the course of the management of these patients are discussed, and a literature review is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalChild's Nervous System
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Oct 29 2016

Keywords

  • Cerebral hemispheric infarction
  • Endovascular embolization
  • Epilepsy
  • Hemimegalencephaly
  • Neonates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Clinical Neurology

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